(one synonym : Caradrina pygmaea Rambur, 1834)
ACRONICTINAE, NOCTUIDAE, NOCTUOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Ric Bessin, University of Kentucky College of Agriculture)
These Caterpillars are usually green with a pale line along each side, and a dark spot over the second true leg. The caterpillars are an international agricultural pest on crops and pastures, feeding on many plants, including :
as well as various wild hosts, including :
The caterpillar burrows into the soil below the plant where it pupates with no obvious cocoon.
The adult moths are brown with a complex pattern including pale kidney-shaped marks on the forewings. The moths have a wingspan of about 3 cms. The pheromones of this species have been identified.
The eggs are laid in masses of about 80 and covered in pale scales.
The species is found world-wide, eg:
and over much of Australia including:
Control is being attempted using :
Further reading :
Butterflies and Moths,
Collins Eyewitness Handbooks, Sydney 1992, p. 258.
Ian F.B. Common,
Moths of Australia,
Melbourne University Press, 1990, fig. 49.3, pp. 25, 65, 462.
Horde. Phalanx IV. Eulen; Noctuae,
Sammlung Europäischer Schmetterlinge. Noctuae II,
Volume 4 (1808), Plate 78, fig. 362.
Peter Marriott & Marilyn Hewish,
Moths of Victoria - Part 9,
Cutworms and Allies - NOCTUOIDEA (C),
Entomological Society of Victoria, 2020, pp. 12-13.
(updated 1 July 2010, 10 April 2017, 14 December 2020)