Proteuxoa hypochalchis (Turner, 1902)
Black-bar Noctuid
(previously known as Androdes hypochalchis ACRONICTINAE,   NOCTUIDAE,   NOCTUOIDEA
Don Herbison-Evans
Stella Crossley

(Photo: Don Herbison-Evans, Sydney, New South Wales)

This Caterpillar was found on :

  • Sweet Alyssum ( Lobularia maritima, BRASSICACEAE ).

    (Photo: courtesy of Graeme Cocks, Townsville, Queensland)

    The adult moth is brown with various markings including a double dark spot near the centre of each forewing. The hindwings are brown, fading slightly towards the bases. The wingspan is about 3 cms.

    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The moth is preyed on by a Bolas Spider : Ordgarius magnificus (ARANEIDAE), which emits a pheromone similar to that of the female moth to attract male moths within range of a sticky ball of glue which the spider swings on a length of silk.

    Proteuxoa hypochalchis
    male, listed as Agrotis hypochalcis
    Illustration 29 on Plate LXIX of Hampson's Noctuidae of the British Museum, 1903-1913.
    (Courtesy of Joe Kunkel, University of Massachusetts)

    The species occurs in

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Australian Capital Territory,
  • Victoria,
  • Tasmania,
  • South Australia, and
  • Western Australia.

    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, p. 60.

    Peter B. McQuillan, Jan A. Forrest, David Keane, & Roger Grund,
    Caterpillars, moths, and their plants of Southern Australia,
    Butterfly Conservation South Australia Inc., Adelaide (2019), p. 164.

    Peter Marriott & Marilyn Hewish,
    Moths of Victoria - Part 9,
    Cutworms and Allies - NOCTUOIDEA (C)
    Entomological Society of Victoria, 2020, pp. 14-15.

    A. Jefferis Turner,
    New Genera and Species of Lepidoptera belonging to the Family Noctuidae,
    Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales,
    Volume 27 No.1 (1902), p. 80.

    Australian Butterflies
    Australian Moths

    (updated 15 April 2013, 20 December 2020, 7 April 2022)