Nemophora laurella (Meyrick, 1856)
Black Headed Fairy Longhorn Moth
(one synonym: Nemotois topazias Meyrick, 1893)
ADELIDAE,   INCURVARIOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Nemophora laurella
male
(Photo: copyright of Brett and Marie Smith at Ellura Sanctuary, South Australia)

The Caterpillars of this species live in a case constructed of debris joined with silk. The caterpillars have been found feeding on the flowers of

  • Cootamundra Wattle ( Acacia baileyana, MIMOSACEAE ).

    The adult moths have forewings that are dark metallic purple, each with a yellow spot near the base, and a central transverse band of gold or green speckles. The hindwings are off-white shading to pale brown at the margins. The moths have a wingspan of about 1 cm. The forewing colour fades to brown in dead specimens. Their antennae are nearly twice as long as the wings.

    Nemophora laurella
    note length of antennae
    (Photo: copyright of Brett and Marie Smith at Ellura Sanctuary, South Australia)

    The species has been found in

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Australian Capital Territory,
  • Victoria,
  • Tasmania, and
  • South Australia.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, fig. 16.15, p. 165.

    Edward Meyrick,
    Descriptions of Australian Micro-Lepidoptera: XVI: Tineidae,
    Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales,
    Series 2, Volume 7, Part 4 (1892), pp. 483, 485-486, No. 3.

    Edward Newman,
    Characters of a few Australian Lepidoptera, Collected by Mr. Thomas R. Oxley,
    Transactions of the Entomological Society of London,
    New Series, Volume III, Number 8 (1856), p. 290.


    previous
    back
    caterpillar
    Australian
    Australian Butterflies
    butterflies
    Australian
    home
    Lepidoptera
    Australian
    Australian Moths
    moths
    next
    next
    caterpillar

    (written 19 June 2016, updated 27 June 2018)