Proteuxoa heliosema (Lower, 1902)
(previously known as Prometopus heliosema)
AMPHIPYRINAE,   NOCTUIDAE,   NOCTUOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Proteuxoa heliosema
(Photo: copyright of Brett and Marie Smith at Ellura Sanctuary, South Australia)

The caterpillars of this species have been found on:

  • Gum Trees ( Eucalyptus, MYRTACEAE ), and
  • Kikuyu Grass ( Pennisetum clandestinum, POACEAE ).

    Proteuxoa heliosema
    (Photo: copyright of Brett and Marie Smith at Ellura Sanctuary, South Australia)

    The forewings of the adult moth each have a pattern of light and dark brown, including a pale subcostal streak, and pale chevron and a pale spot near the middle. The hind wings are pale brown, with an indistinct dark band at the margins, with dark veins. The wingspan is about 2.5 cms.

    Proteuxoa heliosema
    underside
    (Photo: copyright of Brett and Marie Smith at Ellura Sanctuary, South Australia)

    The species has been found in Australia in:

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Victoria,
  • South Australia, and
  • Western Australia.

    Proteuxoa heliosema
    male, drawing by George Francis Hampson, listed as Omphaletis heliosema,

    Catalogue of Lepidoptera Phalænæ in the British Museum,
    Noctuidæ, Volume VIII (1909), Plate CXXXI, fig. 15,
    image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Ernst Mayr Library, Harvard University


    Further reading :

    George Francis Hampson,
    Catalogue of Noctuidae in the British Museum,
    Catalogue of Lepidoptera Phalaenae in the British Museum,
    Volume 8 (1909), pp. 377-378, No. 4035, and also Plate 131, fig. 15.

    Oswald B. Lower,
    Descriptions of new genera and species of Australian Lepidoptera,
    Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia,
    Volume 26 (1902), p. 222.


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    (created 8 December 2011, updated 24 April 2018)