LITHOSIINI of Australia
Footmen and Lichen Moths
ARCTIINAE,   EREBIDAE,   NOCTUOIDEA
 
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@yahoo.com)
and
Stella Crossley

LITHOSIINI

eggs
  
LITHOSIINI

caterpillars
  
LITHOSIINI

pupae
  
LITHOSIINI

moths
  
LITHOSIINI

undersides
  
LITHOSIINI

forewings

The Caterpillars of the subfamily LITHOSIINI typically have hairs in various patterns over the body. The hairs can cause Urticaria in sensitive people. The caterpillars typically feed on Lichens and Algae. Characteristically, if disturbed, the caterpillars roll into a tight spiral with the head in the centre.

The caterpillars pupate in a cocoon made of silk with their hairs matted together.

The adults are small to medium in size, and many are black and yellow. Some often fold their wings closely along their bodies giving them a stiff appearance: hence their name "Footmen".

The 210 named Australian members of this tribe are:

Aedoea monochroa

Ameleta panochra

Anestia ombrophanes : Clouded Footman
Anestia semiochrea : Marbled Footman

Arrhythmica semifusca

Asura bipars
Asura catameces
Asura cervicalis : Spotted Lichen Moth

  • Asura coccinocosma
    Asura compsodes
  • Asura crocopepla
  • Asura crocoptera
    Asura lydia : Lydia Lichen Moth
    Asura monospila
  • Asura obliterans
    Asura polyspila
    Asura semivitrea
    Asura zebrina

    Atelophleps tridesma

    Ateucheta zatesima

    Brunia dorsalis
    Brunia replana : Lichen-eating Caterpillar

    Calamidia hirta : Wedge Footman

    Castulo doubledayi : Doubleday's Footman
    Castulo plagiata : Yellow-banded Footman

    Chamaita barnardi

  • Chiriphe catarrhoa
    Chiriphe dichotoma : Reticulated Footman
    Chiriphe dictyota
    Chiriphe equidistans
  • Chiriphe leptosema
  • Chiriphe middletoni
    Chiriphe monogrammaria
  • Chiriphe pelochroa
  • Chiriphe scripta
    Chiriphe sicciodes : Tasmanian Footman
  • Chiriphe tetramita

    Chrysomesia lophoptera

    Chrysoscota tanyphara

    Ctenosia infuscata

    Cyme pyraula
    Cyme quadrilineata
    Cyme reticulata

  • Cyme serratilinea
    Cyme structa : Banded Lichen Moth

  • Cyana asticta
    Cyana meyricki
    Cyana obscura

  • Damias elegans
    Damias pelochroa : Elusive Footman
    Damias procrena : Procrena Footman

    Diduga flavicostata

    Eilema plana : Little White Lichen Moth

  • Eugoa perfasciata
    Eugoa sordida

    Eutane terminalis : Banded Lichen Moth
    Eutane trimochla

    Goniosema anguliscripta
    Goniosema euraphota

    Graphosia lophopyga
    Graphosia stenopepla

    Gymnasura flavia

  • Gymnasura prionosticha
    Gymnasura saginaea

    Halone consolatrix : Marbled Halone
    Halone coryphoea : Eastern Halone

  • Halone ebaea
  • Halone epiopsis
    Halone interspersa
    Halone ophiodes : Cryptic Halone
    Halone prosenes : Pied Halone
    Halone pteridaula : Brown Halone
    Halone sejuncta : Variable Halone
    Halone servilis : Grey Halone
    Halone sinuata : Rock Lichen Moth
    Halone sobria

    Hectobrocha adoxa : Unadorned Footman
    Hectobrocha multilinea
    Hectobrocha pentacyma : Five-banded Footman

  • Hectobrocha subnigra

    Heliosia jucunda : Golden Double-bar
    Heliosia micra
    Heliosia perichares

    Hemonia micrommata
    Hemonia simillima

  • Hestiarcha pyrrhopa

    Hesychopa chionora : White Footman

    Heterallactis euchrysa
    Heterallactis microchrysa
    Heterallactis niphocephala
    Heterallactis phlogozona
    Heterallactis stenochrysa

    Heterotropa fastosa

    Hobapromea cleta

    Hyposhada pellopis

    Ionthas ataracta

    Lambula obliquilinea

  • Lambula phyllodes
    Lambula pleuroptycha
    Lambula pristina
    Lambula transcripta

    Lepista pulverulenta

    Macaduma strongyla
    Macaduma toxophora

    Melastrota nigrisquamata

    Meteura cervina

    Microstola ammoscia

    Notata modicus

    Nudaria mollis

    Oenistis delia

    Oreopola athola

    Padenodes cuprizona

    Palaeosia bicosta : Two-ribbed Footman

    Panachranta lirioleuca

    Parascaptia biplagata
    Parascaptia dochmoschema

    Parelictis saleuta : Mottled Footman

    Phaeophlebosia furcifera : Forked Footman

    Phenacomorpha bisecta : Bisected Footman

    Philenora aspectalella : Little Mask Philenora

  • Philenora cataplex
    Philenora chionastis : Dainty Philenora
    Philenora elegans : Elegant Philenora
  • Philenora euphileta
    Philenora irregularis : Irregular Philenora
  • Philenora lunata
    Philenora malthaca : Malthaca Philenora
    Philenora nudaridia
    Philenora omophanes : Delicate Philenora
    Philenora placochrysa
    Philenora undulosa : Waved Philenora

    Poliodule melanotricha
    Poliodule poliotricha
    Poliodule xanthodelta

    Poliosia fragilis

    Pseudophanes melanoptera

    Scaphidriotis camptopleura
    Scaphidriotis xylogramma

    Schistophleps albida
    Schistophleps obducta

  • Scoliacma adrasta
    Scoliacma bicolora : Red Footman
  • Scoliacma fasciata
    Scoliacma nana : Diminutive Footman
    Scoliacma pactolias : Variable Footman
  • Scoliacma pasteophara
  • Scoliacma xuthopis

    Stenarcha stenopa

    Stenoscaptia venusta : Orange Double-bar

  • Symmetrodes platymelas
    Symmetrodes sciocosma

    Teratopora acosma

    Termessa amorpha : Unpleasing Footman
    Termessa catocalina : Speckled Footman
    Termessa congrua
    Termessa conographa
    Termessa diplographa
    Termessa discrepans : Hookwing Footman
    Termessa gratiosa : Favoured Footman
    Termessa laeta : Propitious Footman
    Termessa nivosa : Snowy Footman
    Termessa orthocrossa
    Termessa shepherdi : Shepherd's Footman
    Termessa xanthomelas : Broad-banded Footman
    Termessa zonophanes : Double Yellow-patched Footman

    Teulisna bipunctata
    Teulisna chiloides

    Thallarcha albicollis : Crossed Footman
    Thallarcha catasticta : Four-lined Footman
    Thallarcha chrysochares : Tiger Footman
    Thallarcha chrysochoa : Golden Footman
    Thallarcha cosmodes
    Thallarcha epicela

  • Thallarcha epigypsa
    Thallarcha epileuca
    Thallarcha epiostola : Gowned Footman
    Thallarcha eremicola
  • Thallarcha erotis
    Thallarcha fusa
  • Thallarcha homoschema
    Thallarcha isophragma
    Thallarcha jocularis : The Jester
    Thallarcha lechrioleuca
    Thallarcha leptographa
    Thallarcha levis
    Thallarcha lochaga
    Thallarcha macilenta
    Thallarcha mochlina
    Thallarcha oblita : Hidden Footman
    Thallarcha partita : Dark-banded Footman
    Thallarcha pellax : Seductive Footman
    Thallarcha phalarota : Adorned Footman
  • Thallarcha polystigma
    Thallarcha rhaptophora : Desert Footman
    Thallarcha sparsana : Fair Footman
    Thallarcha staurocola : Patched Footman
  • Thallarcha stramenticolor
    Thallarcha trissomochla : Yellow Crossed Footman
  • Thallarcha zophophanes

    Thermeola tasmanica

    Threnosia agraphes : Unmarked Footman
    Threnosia heminephes : Halved Footman
    Threnosia hypopolia : Dull Footman
    Threnosia myochroa : Heath Footman

    Thumatha fuscescens

    Tigrioides alterna : Alternating Footman
    Tigrioides nitens

    Trischalis aureoplagiata

    Trissobrocha eugraphica

    Tylanthes ptochias

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    (updated 29 October 2014, 16 June 2024)