Anestia ombrophanes Meyrick, 1886
Clouded Footman
(one synonym: Thallarcha fuscogrisea Rothschild, 1913)
LITHOSIINAE ,   ARCTIIDAE ,   NOCTUOIDEA
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Mike & Pat Coupar,
and
Stella Crossley

Anestia ombrophanes
(Photo: courtesy of Irene Coates, Warragul, Victoria)

These Caterpillars are grey and black, with orange spots on its sides, and yellow speckles on its back and underside. Also two pale yellow lines run along the back. The caterpillars have long fine hairs which project to the front, to the rear, and sideways.

Anestia ombrophanes
(Photo: courtesy of Irene Coates, Warragul, Victoria)

The Caterpillars feed on :

  • Lichen.

    They grow to a length of about 2 cms.

    Anestia ombrophanes pupa
    (Photo: courtesy of Irene Coates, Warragul, Victoria)

    They form a pupa inside a sparse cocoon made of silk and larval hairs, attached to a fence, a tree, or a wall.

    Anestia ombrophanes
    male
    (Photo from: "Flying Colours", Coupar & Coupar, 1992)

    The adult male has black and white forewings, and plain pale yellow hindwings. The male moths have a wingspan of about 2 cms.

    Anestia ombrophanes female
    female
    (Photo: courtesy of Peter Marriott, Moths of Victoria - Part 2)

    The adult female has a length of about 1 cm. She is wingless, and has a large grey body with pink spots. The female stays near her cocoon, and the male copulates with her there.

    Anestia ombrophanes male
    male
    (Photo: courtesy of Peter Marriott, Moths of Victoria - Part 2)

    The species may be found over much of the southern half of Australia, including:

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Victoria,
  • South Australia, and
  • Western Australia.

    Anestia ombrophanes eggs
    eggs laid on an empty cocoon which still contains the pupal and final larval skins
    (Photo: courtesy of Daniel Heald, Rockingham, Western Australia)

    The eggs are smooth, white and oval, with a diameter of about 1/2 mm, and laid typically by a female in an irregular cluster of 20 to 40, on the cocoon from which she emerged.

    Anestia ombrophanes family
    male mating with a female on her empty cocoon
    on which she has already laid some probably infertile eggs
    (Photo: courtesy of Irene Coates, Warragul, Victoria)


    Further reading :

    Pat and Mike Coupar,
    Flying Colours,
    New South Wales University Press, Sydney 1992, p. 36.

    Peter Marriott,
    Moths of Victoria - Part 2,
    Tiger Moths and Allies - NOCTUOIDEA (A)
    ,
    Entomological Society of Victoria, 2009, pp. 20-23.

    Edward Meyrick,
    Revision of Australian Lepidoptera. I,
    Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales,
    Series 2, Volume 1, Part 3 (1886), p. 746, No. 83.


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    (updated 1 May 2013, 9 May 2017)