Eutane terminalis Walker, 1854
Banded Lichen Moth
(one synonym: Comarchis gradata Lucas, 1890)
LITHOSIINAE ,   ARCTIIDAE ,   NOCTUOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Eutane terminalis eggs
(Photo: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

This Caterpillar hatches from a patch of about 80 grey eggs laid on a sheltered wall or rock.

Eutane terminalis larva
(Photo: courtesy of Michael Gordon, Sydney)

The caterpillar is dark grey and yellow, with a tuft of hair protruding sideways from each segment. The caterpillars live communally, sheltering in a crevice by day, and feeding by night. They appear to feed on:

  • Lichen.

    Eutane terminalis larva
    (Photo: courtesy of Michael Gordon, Sydney)

    They grow rather slowly: after nearly 12 months reaching a length of about 1.5 cms.

    Eutane terminalis cocoons
    (Photo: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    They pupate in a mass of adjacent cocoons in a crevice.


    (Photo: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The individual pupae are very decorative, with orange and black markings.

    Eutane terminalis pupa
    (Specimen: courtesy of Vanessa Mack,
    Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The moth emerges after about a fortnight in summer or several months across winter. It is small, and black and yellow, with a wingspan of about 1.5 cms.

    Eutane terminalis
    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The species occurs in:

  • Queensland, and
  • New South Wales.

    Eutane terminalis
    (Photo: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, pl. 18.17, pp. 70, 437.


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    (updated 18 July 2012)