Underwings and Fruit Sucking Moths
including OPHIDERINAE & PANGRAPTINAE
The Caterpillars of CALPINAE are usually smooth, lacking obvious hairs. Many have one or more pairs of prolegs missing, and so move in a looping fashion.
Some of the adult moths of CALPINAE have brightly coloured hind wings which are normally covered (the "underwings"). The CALPINAE moths also include a number pests which puncture fruit in order to feed on the juice.
CALPINAE is a controversial family, and different taxonomists include differing genera within it. Nielsen et al. included this group of species in the subfamily CATOCALINAE, while other taxonomists treat versions of it as a subfamily of EREBIDAE. Here mainly for computational convenience we include a version of it as a subfamily of the EREBIDAE.
The 25 named Australian species in CALPINAE are:
Calyptra minuticornis : Vampire Moth
Epicyrtica docima : Beautiful Double-spot
Epicyrtica hippolopha : Green Double-spot
Epicyrtica lathridia : Secretive Double-spot
Epicyrtica leucostigma : Dark-crescent Double-spot
Epicyrtica lichenophora : Lichen Double-spot
Epicyrtica melanops : Melanic Double-spot
Eudocima aurantia : Fruit Sucking Moth
Eudocima cocalus : Cocalus Fruit Piercing Moth
Eudocima fullonia : Fruit Piercing Moth
Eudocima materna : Dot Underwing
Eudocima salaminia : Green Fruit-piercing Moth
Oraesia emarginata : Fruit Piercing Moth
Plusiodonta arctipennis : Hooked Elegant
(written 25 July 2015, updated 12 September 2023)