Ophiusa coronata (Fabricius, 1775)
(one synonym : Ophiodes ponderosa Mabille, 1879)
CALPINAE,   NOCTUIDAE,   NOCTUOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


male
Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, from
Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art

The caterpillars of this species are brown loopers, with a black head that has two white stripes each side. The caterpillars also have two black and white knobs on the tail. The caterpillars feed on the trees and vines in the False Almond family ( COMBRETACEAE ) :

  • Rangoon Creeper ( Quisqualis indica ), and
  • False Almond ( Terminalia catappa ).


    female
    (Photo: courtesy of Graeme Cocks, Townsville, Queensland)

    The adult moth has brown forewings each with a dark spot near the centre. The hindwings are bright yellow, each with two broad brown arcs. The moth has a wingspan of about 6 cms.


    female, underside
    (Photo: courtesy of Graeme Cocks, Townsville, Queensland)

    This moth is an agricultural pest, causing damage to fruit by piercing the fruit with its strong proboscis in order to suck the juice. The moth is particularly prone to attack:

  • Oranges,
  • Lemons,
  • other Citrus.


    Kiribati
    , 1980

    The species occurs in countries from India to the islands of the Pacific, including

  • Hong Kong,
  • Tahiti,
  • Thailand,

    and in Australia in

  • Northern Territory, and
  • Queensland.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, pl. 21.6, p. 454.

    Johan Christian Fabricius,
    Historiae Natvralis Favtoribvs,
    Systema Entomologiae,
    Flensburgi et Lipsiae (1775), p. 596, No. 24.

    Buck Richardson,
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
    LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 145.


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    (updated 14 August 2012)