Synemon heliopis Meyrick, 1891
Solar Sun Moth
CASTNIIDAE,   SESIOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


Drawing by Embrik Strand
,
Synemon - Epicop, Indo-Australian Bombyces and Sphinges,
in Adalbert Seitz (ed.): The Macrolepidoptera of the World,
Stuttgart : Alfred Kernen Verlag, Volume 10 (1933), Plate 9, fig a3,
image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library,
digitized by Natural History Museum Library, London.

The Caterpillars of this species appear to feed upon the roots of various grasses and rushes, such as :

  • Tussocky Cordrush ( Ecdeiocolea monostachya, CYPERACEAE ), and
  • Green Bulrush ( Spartochloa scirpoidea, POACEAE ).

    The adult moth of this species has dark brown forewings with white markings. The hindwings are dark brown with orange markings. The wingspan is about 3 cms.


    underside
    Drawing by Embrik Strand
    ,
    Synemon - Epicop, Indo-Australian Bombyces and Sphinges,
    in Adalbert Seitz (ed.): The Macrolepidoptera of the World,
    Stuttgart : Alfred Kernen Verlag, Volume 10 (1933), Plate 9, fig a3,
    image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library,
    digitized by Natural History Museum Library, London.

    The species is only found in

  • Western Australia.


    Further reading :

    Edward Meyrick,
    Description of New Australian Lepidoptera,
    Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia,
    Volume 14 (1891), pp. 188-189.

    Embrik Strand,
    Bombyces and Sphinges of the Indo-Australian Region,
    in Adalbert Seitz (ed.):
    The Macrolepidoptera of the World,
    Stuttgart : Alfred Kernen Verlag, Volume 10 (1933), and also Plate 9, fig a3.


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    (updated 3 February 2005, 11 July 2013)

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