Xanthodes congenita Hampson, 1912
Golden Noctuid
(one synonym : Acontia obsoleta Gaede, 1938)
CHLOEPHORINAE,   NOLIDAE,   NOCTUOIDEA,  
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@yahoo.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Xanthodes congenita
(Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, Kuranda, Queensland)

These Caterpillars are hairy, and have been reported to eat the leaves, buds, flowers and fruit, and be a minor pest of:

  • Cotton ( Gossypium, MALVACEAE ),
  • Rambutan ( Nephelium lappaceum, SAPINDACEAE ), and
  • Durian ( Durio zibethinus, BOMBACACEAE ).

    They have also been reported have been reported to feed on:

  • Hibiscus ( Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, MALVACEAE ), and
  • Kurrajong ( Brachychiton, STERCULIACEAE ).

    Xanthodes congenita
    (Photo: courtesy of CSIRO/BIO Photography Group, Centre for Biodiversity Genomics, University of Guelph)

    The adult moths of this species have yellow forewings, that each have a variable smudged triangular brown-purple patch, and a narrow dark brown line along the margin. The hindwings are plain yellow. The wingspan is about 4.5 cms.

    This species is found in Australia in

  • Western Australia,
  • Northern Territory,
  • Queensland
  • New South Wales,
  • Australian Capital Territory, and
  • Victoria.

    Xanthodes congenita
    male, drawing by George Francis Hampson,
    ,
    Catalogue of Lepidoptera Phalænæ in the British Museum,
    Noctuidæ, Volume XI (1912), Plate CXCI, figure 16,
    image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Ernst Mayr Library, Harvard University.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, pp. 65, 457.

    George F. Hampson,
    Catalogue of the Noctuidae in the Collection of the British Museum,
    Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalænæ in the British Museum,
    Volume 11 (1912), p. 657, No. 7115.

    Peter Marriott,
    Moths of Victoria - Part 8,
    Night Moths and Allies - NOCTUOIDEA(B)
    ,
    Entomological Society of Victoria, 2017, pp. 30-31.


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    (updated 6 August 2011, 29 August 2019, 4 June 2020)