Xanthodes congenita Hampson, 1912
(one synonym : Acontia obsoleta Gaede, 1938)
CHLOEPHORINAE ,   NOLIDAE ,   NOCTUOIDEA ,  
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Xanthodes congenita
(Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, Kuranda, Queensland)

These Caterpillars are hairy, and have been reported to eat the leaves, buds, flowers and fruit, and be a minor pest of:

  • Cotton ( Gossypium, MALVACEAE ),
  • Rambutan ( Nephelium lappaceum, SAPINDACEAE ), and
  • Durian ( Durio zibethinus, BOMBACACEAE ).

    They have also been reported have been reported to feed on:

  • Hibiscus ( Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, MALVACEAE ), and
  • Kurrajong ( Brachychiton, STERCULIACEAE ).

    Xanthodes congenita
    male, drawing by George Francis Hampson,
    ,
    Catalogue of Lepidoptera Phalænæ in the British Museum,
    Noctuidæ, Volume XI (1912), Plate CXCI, figure 16,
    image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Ernst Mayr Library, Harvard University.

    The adult moths of this species have forewings that are yellow with a triangular brown-purple patch. The forewings also each have a narrow dark brown line along the margin. The hindwings are plain yellow. The wingspan is about 4.5 cms.

    This species is found in Australia in

  • Northern Territory,
  • Queensland
  • New South Wales, and
  • Australian Capital Territory.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, pp. 65, 457.

    George F. Hampson,
    Catalogue of the Noctuidae in the Collection of the British Museum,
    Catalogue of the Lepidoptera Phalænæ in the British Museum,
    Volume 11 (1912), p. 657, No. 7115.


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    (updated 6 August 2011)