Earias vittella Fabricius, 1794
Spotted Bollworm
(formerly known as Tinea vittella)
CHLOEPHORINAE ,   NOLIDAE ,   NOCTUOIDEA ,  
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Earias vittella
male
Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, from
Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art

The caterpillars of this species are a pest on:

  • Okra ( Abelmoschus esculentus ), and
  • Cotton ( Gossypium species ),

    and also feed on various other plants in the family MALVACEAE, including :

  • Australian Native Rosella ( Abelmoschus ficulneus ).

    Earias vittella
    female
    (Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, Kuranda, Queensland)

    The adult moths are off-white with a green or brown stripe along the middle of each forewing, and a green thorax. The green colour is inclined to fade to brown in older specimens. The wingspan is about 1.5 cms. The pheromones for this species have been studied.

    Earias vittella
    (Photo: courtesy of Graeme Cocks, Townsville, Queensland)

    This species is found across south-east Asia, including:

  • Brunei
  • India,
    and on imported Okra in
  • U.K.,

    and is endemic in Australia in :

  • Western Australia,
  • Northern Territory,
  • Queensland, and
  • New South Wales.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, fig. 48.9, pp. 65, 458.

    Johan Christian Fabricius,
    Entomologia Systematica Emendata et Aucta,
    Tome 3, Volume 2 (1794), p. 293-294, No. 27.

    Buck Richardson,
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
    LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 168.


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    (updated 19 September 2012)