Endoxyla amphiplecta (Turner, 1932)
(previously known as Xyleutes amphiplecta)
ZEUZERINAE ,   COSSIDAE ,   COSSOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Endoxyla amphiplecta
(Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

These Caterpillars live underground, feeding on the roots of:

  • Desert Glasswort ( Pachycornia triandra, CHENOPODIACEAE ) and
  • Bassia ( Bassia hyssopifolia, CHENOPODIACEAE ).

    The male adult moths have a pattern of light and dark fawn on the wings. They have a wingspan of about 5 cms.

    Endoxyla amphiplecta
    (Photo: copyright of Brett and Marie Smith, at Ellura Sanctuary, South Australia)

    The females have reduced wings and cannot fly. They are much larger than the males, and have a wingspan of about 6 cms.

    The eggs are laid as a gelatinous mass in the earth by the female pushing her abdomen into the soil. The eggs are spheroidal and off-white wth a brown tip, and have a diameter of about 1 mm.

    Endoxyla amphiplecta
    (Photo: copyright of Brett and Marie Smith, at Ellura Sanctuary, South Australia)

    The species occurs in inland Australia, including

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Victoria, and
  • South Australia.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, figs. 27.4, 27.5, p. 271.

    A. Jefferis Turner,
    New Australian Lepidoptera,
    Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia,
    Volume 56 (1932), p. 195.


    previous
    back
    caterpillar
    Australian
    Australian Butterflies
    butterflies
    Australian
    home
    caterpillars
    Australian
    Australian Moths
    moths
    next
    next
    caterpillar

    (updated 23 July 2010, 24 February 2017)