Endoxyla amphiplecta (Turner, 1932)
(previously known as Xyleutes amphiplecta)
ZEUZERINAE,   COSSIDAE,   COSSOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@yahoo.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Endoxyla amphiplecta
male
(Photo: courtesy of Jesse & Peter Koch, Cape Arid, Western Australia)

The Caterpillars of this species live underground, feeding on the roots of:

  • Desert Glasswort ( Tecticornia triandra, CHENOPODIACEAE ) and
  • Five-horn Smotherweed ( Bassia hyssopifolia, CHENOPODIACEAE ).

    Endoxyla amphiplecta
    male
    (Photo: courtesy of Jesse & Peter Koch, Cape Arid, Western Australia)

    The male adult moths have a pattern of light and dark fawn on the wings. They have a wingspan of about 5 cms.

    Endoxyla amphiplecta
    female
    (Photo: copyright of Brett and Marie Smith, at Ellura Sanctuary, South Australia)

    The females have reduced wings and cannot fly. The females are much larger than the males, and have a wingspan of about 6 cms.

    The eggs are laid as a gelatinous mass in the earth by the female pushing her abdomen into the soil. The eggs are spheroidal and off-white wth a brown tip, and have a diameter of about 1 mm.

    Endoxyla amphiplecta
    (Photo: copyright of Brett and Marie Smith, at Ellura Sanctuary, South Australia)

    The species generally occurs in inland Australia, including

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Victoria,
  • South Australia, and
  • Western Australia.

    Endoxyla amphiplecta
    male
    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, figs. 27.4, 27.5, p. 271.

    Peter B. McQuillan, Jan A. Forrest, David Keane, & Roger Grund,
    Caterpillars, moths, and their plants of Southern Australia,
    Butterfly Conservation South Australia Inc., Adelaide (2019), pp. 68-69.

    A. Jefferis Turner,
    New Australian Lepidoptera,
    Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia,
    Volume 56 (1932), p. 195.


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    (updated 23 July 2010, 24 February 2017, 26 January 2021)