Endoxyla lituratus (Donovan, 1805)
one of several species called informally the Wattle Goat Moth
(also known as Eudoxyla liturata)
ZEUZERINAE ,   COSSIDAE ,   COSSOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Endoxyla lituratus
(Photo: courtesy of Jenny Holmes, Great Western, Victoria)

The female moth of this species lays her eggs in holes she bores into the trunks and branches of various

  • Wattles ( Acacia, MIMOSACEAE ).

    The Caterpillars bore through the wood making it a sort of honeycomb of tunnels.

    Pupation occurs in its borehole, and when the moth emerges from metamorphosis, it leaves the empty pupal case half sticking out from the mouth of its tunnel. The life cycle can take up to four years

    Endoxyla lituratus
    (Picture: courtesy of Shell Australia)

    The adult moths have wings with a streaky speckled fawn pattern. The abdomen is banded in brown and grey. The moths have a wingspan of about 7 cms.

    The species is found over all of Australia, including

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Australian Capital Territory,
  • Victoria,
  • Tasmania,
  • South Australia, and
  • Western Australia.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, figs. 26.9, 51.14, pp. 270-271.

    S. Fearn,
    Life history and habits of the wood moth Xyleutes lituratus Don. (Lepidoptera, Cossidae) in Tasmania,
    Australian Entomological Magazine, Volume 12 (1985).


    previous
    back
    caterpillar
    Australian
    Australian Butterflies
    butterflies
    Australian
    home
    caterpillars
    Australian
    Australian Moths
    moths
    next
    next
    caterpillar

    (updated 16 September 2013, 28 January 2014)