one of several species called informally the Wattle Goat Moth
(also known as Eudoxyla liturata)
ZEUZERINAE, COSSIDAE, COSSOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Jenny Holmes, Great Western, Victoria)
The female moth of this species lays her eggs in holes she bores into the trunks and branches of various
The Caterpillars bore through the wood making it a sort of honeycomb of tunnels.
Pupation occurs in its borehole, and when the moth emerges from metamorphosis, it leaves the empty pupal case half sticking out from the mouth of its tunnel. The life cycle can take up to four years
The adult moths have wings with a streaky speckled fawn pattern. The abdomen is banded in brown and grey.
The moths are distinguished by a black band running around the thorax. The moths have a wingspan of about 7 cms.
The species is found over all of Australia, including
Further reading :
Ian F.B. Common,
Moths of Australia,
Melbourne University Press, 1990, figs. 26.9, 51.14, pp. 270-271.
General Illustration of Entomology,
An Epitome of the Natural History of the Insects of New Holland, New Zealand, New Guinea, Otaheite and other Islands in the Indian, Southern and Pacific Oceans,
London (1803), pp. 167-168, and also Plate on p. 166.
Life history and habits of the wood moth Xyleutes lituratus Don. (Lepidoptera, Cossidae) in Tasmania,
Australian Entomological Magazine,
Volume 12 (1985).
Peter B. McQuillan, Jan A. Forrest, David Keane, & Roger Grund,
Caterpillars, moths, and their plants of Southern Australia,
Butterfly Conservation South Australia Inc., Adelaide (2019), pp. viii, 68.
(updated 16 September 2013, 28 January 2014, 14 December 2017, 7 February 2019)