Cotana serranotata (T.P. Lucas, 1894)
(also known as Darala serranotata)
EUPTEROTIDAE,   BOMBYCOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Cotana serranotata
(Photo: courtesy of Dick Whitford, Mt Molloy, Queensland)

The Caterpillars of this species are yellow with a red head, and a two sets of red verricae separated by a broken black line along the back, and with a row of orange verrucae along each side, with long white hairs.

Cotana serranotata
head close-up
(Photo: courtesy of Dick Whitford, Mt Molloy, Queensland)

The caterpillars have been found feeding on the foliage of:

  • Leichhardt Trees ( Nauclea orientalis, RUBIACEAE ).

    Cotana serranotata
    cocoon
    (Photo: courtesy of Dick Whitford, Mt Molloy, Queensland)

    The caterpillars grow to a length of about 6 cms. They pupate in the ground litter in an ellipsoidal silk cocoon. The cocoon has a length of about 3 cms.

    Cotana serranotata
    pupa
    (Photo: courtesy of Dick Whitford, Mt Molloy, Queensland)

    The adult moths have dimorphic wing patterns, although both sexes have orange abdomen.

    Cotana serranotata
    female
    Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, from
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art

    The female is brown with pale patches and veins, a prominent white spot on each forewing, The hindwings are plainer. All four wings each have a broad dark transverse line, and a pale zig-zag line along the margin. The female moth has a wingspan of about 5 cms.

    Cotana serranotata
    male
    Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, from
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art

    The males vary from off-white to brown, with two dark stripes across each wing. The hindwings are usually darker. They have a wingspan of about 3 cms.

    The species occurs in the tropical north of Australia in

  • Queensland.

    Cotana serranotata
    female showing underside
    (Photo: courtesy of Dick Whitford, Mt Molloy, Queensland)


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, pls. 14.1, 14.6. p. 399.

    Thomas P. Lucas,
    On Queensland and other Australian Macro-Lepidoptera, with Localities and Descriptions of new Species,
    Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales,
    Series 2, Volume 8, Part 2 (1894), p. 138.

    Buck Richardson,
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
    LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 55.

    Paul Zborowski and Ted Edwards,
    A Guide to Australian Moths,
    CSIRO Publishing, 2007, p. 157.


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    (updated 30 March 2009, 12 June 2019)