Penicillaria jocosatrix Guenée, 1852
Mango Shoot Borer
(previously known as Bombotelia jocosatrix)
EUTELIINAE ,   NOCTUIDAE ,   NOCTUOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


(Photo: courtesy of Graeme Cocks, Townsville, Queensland)

This Caterpillar is a translucent mauve, with greenish sides and tail, and is covered sparsely in dark red dots. It has a light brown head. It is an agricultural pest, feeding on the young shoots of

  • Mango ( Mangifera indica, ANACARDIACEAE ),
  • Cashew ( Anacardium occidentale, ANACARDIACEAE ),
  • Pepper Trees ( Schinus molle, ANACARDIACEAE ), and
  • Terminalia ( Terminalia carolinensis, COMBRETACIAE ).

    The Caterpillar grows to a length of about 2 cms.


    (Photo: courtesy of Ian McMillan, Imbil, Queensland)

    The adult moth has forewings with black, red, and white markings. Sometimes they are rather dark. The hindwings are white with a central black spot and a broad dark border. The moth has a wingspan of about 2 cms.


    (Photo: courtesy of Ian McMillan, Imbil, Queensland)

    The moth has an unusual resting posture, with a crest of scales raised over the head, the abdomen curled up over the body, and the wings creased in waves.


    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The species is found from southeast Asia to the Pacific, including :

  • Borneo,
  • Guam,
  • Hawaii,
  • Pacific islands, and
  • Thailand

    also including, in Australia:

  • Western Australia,
  • Northern Territory,
  • Queensland.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, fig. 47.15, p. 456.

    Achille Guenée,
    Noctuélites,
    in Boisduval & Guenée:
    Histoire naturelle des insectes; spécies général des lépidoptères,
    Volume 9, Part 6 (1852), p. 304, No. 1111.

    Buck Richardson,
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
    LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 158.

    Paul Zborowski and Ted Edwards,
    A Guide to Australian Moths, CSIRO Publishing, 2007, p. 194.


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    (updated 25 June 2011, 17 October 2014)