Flightless female moths of Australia
 
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

A number of species in various familes of moths in Australia have females with either undeveloped or vestigial wings. Female moths have the extra weight burden, over male moths, of the eggs they are to lay. For species in some families this is accommodated by the females being larger than the males, as in Anthela species in ANTHELIDAE, most HEPIALIDAE and LASIOCAMPIDAE, and Lepidoscia species in PSYCHIDAE. But other species, illustrated here, just save females the trouble of flying by not developing their wings:

ANTHELIDAE

Pterolocera amplicornis


Pterolocera rubescens

ARCTIIDAE

Anestia ombrophanes


Anestia semiochrea

COSSIDAE

Catoxophylla cyanauges


Endoxyla amphiplecta

GEOMETRIDAE

Zermizinga sinuata

LYMANTRIIDAE

Iropoca rotundata


Lymantria antennata


Orgyia athlophora


Orvasca semifusca


Teia anartoides

PSYCHIDAE

Cebysa leucotelus


Hyalarcta huebneri


Hyalarcta nigrescens


Lomera boisduvalii


Metura elongatus

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(written 6 April 2018, updated 16 April 2018)