Gibbovalva quadrifasciata (Stainton, 1863)
(previously known as Gracilaria quadrifasciata)
GRACILLARIINAE ,   GRACILLARIIDAE ,   GRACILLARIOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans,
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


(Photo: courtesy of Graeme Cocks, Townsville, Queensland)

This Caterpillar is pale green with a dark dorsal line, and pale brown jaws. The caterpillar mines the leaves and is a pest on various plants in LAURACEAE, including feeding on

  • Nelthare ( Alseodaphne semecarpifolia ),
  • Camphor Laurel ( Cinnamomum camphora ),
  • Bollywood ( Litsea dealbata ), and
  • Avocado ( Persea americana ).

    The caterpillar leaves its leaf mine to pupate in a red cocoon in a cleft or curled leaf.


    Drawing by Henry Tibbats Stainton, listed as Gracilaria quadrifasciata,
    Descriptions of Nine Exotic Species of the Genus Gracilaria,
    Transactions of the Entomological Society of London,
    Series 3, Volume 1 (1863), Plate 10, fig. 5,
    Image courtesy of Biodiversity Heritage Library, digitized by Smithsonian Libraries.

    The adult moths have forewings with a complex pattern of brown and white. The inner margins of all of the wings are heavily fringed. The wingspan is about 1 cm. The antennae and hindlegs are longer than the wings.

    The species is found in south-east Asia, including

  • China,
  • Japan,
  • Taiwan,

    as well as in Australia in

  • Queensland.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, p. 198.

    Henry Tibbats Stainton,
    Descriptions of Nine Exotic Species of the Genus Gracilaria,
    Transactions of the Entomological Society of London,
    Series 3, Volume 1 (1863), pp. 295-296, and also Plate 10, fig. 5.


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    (updated 10 July 2012)