(one synonym : Oxycanus fuscomasculatus Walker, 1856)
HEPIALIDAE , HEPIALOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Laura Levens, Upper Beaconsfield, Victoria)
These caterpillars live in tunnels lined with silk in the ground, and emerge at night to feed on nearby vegetation, particularly grass ( POACEAE ). They normally live underground for two years.
The adult moths often emerge after rain, and have brown forewings with a pattern of dark spots, and plain brown hindwings.
The males fly zigzag paths looking for females. The females are inclined to perch on grass stems awaiting a mate. After mating, the female lays eggs while crawling over the ground or in a fluttering flight at low level. The wingspan is about 6 cms.
The species is found in :
Further reading :
Ian F.B. Common,
Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, fig. 18.5, pp. 67, 145, 150.
Gottlieb August Wilhelm Herrich-Schäffer,
Sammlung neuer oder wenig bekannter aussereuropäischer Schmetterlinge,
Verzeichniss der in diesem Werke gelieferten Arten nach Reihenfolge ihrer Veroffentlichung,
Series I, Volume 1, Part 3 (1855), p. 78, and Plate 10, fig. 44.
Moths of Victoria - Part 6,
Ghost Moths - HEPIALIDAE and Allies,
Entomological Society of Victoria, 2015, pp. 32-33.
(updated 8 May 2012)