(one synonym : Porina banghaasii Pfitzner, 1914)
(Photo: Don Herbison-Evans, Concord, New South Wales)
When the eggs of this species are first deposited by the female moth, they are white. As she keeps laying, later eggs are brown, and finally black.
The Caterpillars are initially buff with brown heads. Later they become dark brown all over. They are live in burrows under the soil feeding on the roots of:
The caterpillars pupate underground. The pupa is brown and cylindrical with a length of about 4 cms.
The forewings of the adult moths are brown often with pale or dark speckles. The hindwings and abdomen are sometimes yellow and sometimes red. The males have a pale-edged dark wavy line along each forewing.
The wings lose the scales very easily, leaving the wings semi-transparent. The male moths have a wingspan of about 4 cms. The females have a span of 4 to 6 cms.
The species occurs in
and along the eastern seaboard of Australia, and is a common species in
The earliest adults appear in January, but they are most common in March and usually disappear by April. The males come to lights more readily than the females, and are more uniform in size.
Further reading :
Ian F.B. Common,
Moths of Australia,
Melbourne University Press, 1990, fig. 19.1, p. 149.
Moths of Victoria - Part 6,
Ghost Moths - HEPIALIDAE and Allies,
Entomological Society of Victoria, 2015, pp. 12-13, 16-17.
Norman B. Tindale,
Revision of the Australian Ghost Moths (Lepidoptera Homoneura, Family Hepialidae) Part III,
Records of the South Australian Museum,
Volume 5 (1935), pp. 276-278, figs. 1-8.
Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera,
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum,
Part 7 (1856), p. 1558, No. 16.
Paul Zborowski and Ted Edwards,
A Guide to Australian Moths,
CSIRO Publishing, 2007, p. 41.
(updated 27 July 2011, 13 April 2017)