Oncopera mitocera Turner, 1911
HEPIALIDAE ,   HEPIALOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


(Photo: courtesy of CSIRO/BIO Photography Group, Centre for Biodiversity Genomics, University of Guelph)

This caterpillar lives in a burrow dug to a depth of about 30 cms. The caterpillars are a pest on pastures, as their foodplants include :

  • Greenleaf Desmodium ( Desmodium intortum, FABACEAE ),
  • Kikuyu ( Pennisetum clandestinum, POACEAE ), and
  • Golden Timothy ( Setaria anceps, POACEAE ).

    The adult moths have marbled brown wings, sometimes with white markings. The males have a wingspan of about 4 cms. The females have a wingspan of about 5 cms.

    The species is found in

  • Queensland.

    Various subspecies were proposed by Aurivillus in 1920, including :

  • lineata,
  • suffusa, and
  • vittata.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia,
    Melbourne University Press, 1990, p. 149.

    R.J. Elder,
    Larval taxonomy of Oncopera brachyphylla Turner and its distinction from Oncopera mitocera (Turner),
    Queensland Journal of Agriculture and Animal Science,
    Volume 27 (1970), pp. 123-128.

    A. Jefferis Turner,
    Studies in Australian Lepidoptera,
    Annals of the Queensland Museum,
    Volume 10 (1911), p. 132.


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    (updated 3 April 2006, 27 February 2017)