Aenetus scotti (Scott, 1869)
(formerly known as Charagia scotti)
HEPIALIDAE,   HEPIALOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


male
(Photo: courtesy of Ethan Beaver, Mt Warning, New South Wales)

The Caterpillars of this moth feed by boring into the stems of many species of trees and bushes, including

  • Aussie Native Wisteria ( Callerya megasperma, FABACEAE ),
  • Socketwood ( Daphnandra micrantha, MONIMIACEAE ),
  • White Doughwood ( Euodia micrococca, RUTACEAE ),
  • Aussie Native Tamarind ( Diploglottis australis, SAPINDACEAE ),
  • Nettle Tree ( Dendrocnide excelsa, URTICACEAE ), and
  • Lantana ( Lantana camara, VERBENACEAE ).


    male emerging from his pupa
    (Photo: courtesy of Ethan Beaver, Mt Warning, New South Wales)

    The pupa is pushed partly out of its borehole for the adult moth to emerge.


    female
    (Photo: courtesy of Ethan Beaver, Mt Warning, New South Wales)

    The adult moths of both sexes of this species have green forewings and orange hindwings, and an orange abdomen that shades to green at the tip. The males have a pheromone-producing scale tuft on each hind leg. The wingspan is from 5 to 10 cms.


    male underside, showing hind-leg scale tufts
    (Photo: courtesy of Ethan Beaver, Mt Warning, New South Wales)

    The species occurs in Australia in

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales, and
  • Victoria.


    male
    (Photo: courtesy of Ethan Beaver, Mt Warning, New South Wales)

    The moths are superficially similar to those of Aenetus edwardsi, but occur to the south of Townsville, Queensland.
    Aenetus edwardsi occurs in areas to the north of Townsville.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, pl. 2.13, p. 148.

    Alexander Walker Scott,
    On the genus Charagia of Walker,
    Transactions of the Entomological Society of New South Wales,
    Volume 2 (1869) p. 34-35, No. 7.

    Thomas J. Simonsen,
    Splendid Ghost Moths and their Allies,
    A Revision of Australian Abantiades, Oncopera, Aenetus, Archaeoaenetus and Zelotypia (Hepialidae),
    Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera Volume 12,
    CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, 2018, pp. 138-139, p.272 plate 26.


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    (written 29 April 2016, updated 8 April 2018)