Fraus simulans Walker, 1856
(one synonym : Hectomanes noserodes Meyrick, 1890)
Varied Fraus
HEPIALIDAE ,   HEPIALOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

The caterpillars of this species are a pest on pastures, favoring particularly :

  • Tussocky Cord Rush ( Ecdeiocolea monostachya, CYPERACEAE ).

    . They live in vertical tunnels in the ground by day and come out at night to feed on leaves.


    (Photo: courtesy of Jenny Holmes, Great Western, Victoria)

    The adult moths are brown, often with white streaks near the base, and a dark spot in the middle of each forewing. The scales on the wings are very loose, easily rubbing off. The male moths have a wingspan of about 2.5 cms. The females have a wingspan of about 3.5 cms.


    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The species is found over most of the southern half of Australia, including

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Victoria,
  • Tasmania,
  • South Australia, and
  • Western Australia.


    Further reading :

    Axel Kallies,
    Moths of Victoria - Part 6,
    Ghost Moths - HEPIALIDAE and Allies
    ,
    Entomological Society of Victoria, 2015, pp. 6-7, 10-11.

    Nielsen E.S. & Kristensen N.P.
    Primitive Ghost Moths : Morphology and Taxonomy of the Australian Genus Fraus Walker (Lepidoptera: Hepialidae s. lat.)
    Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera Volume 1,
    CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne, 1989.

    Francis Walker,
    Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera,
    List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum,
    Part 7 (1856), p. 1564, No. 1.


    previous
    back
    caterpillar
    Australian
    Australian Butterflies
    butterflies
    Australian
    home
    caterpillars
    Australian
    Australian Moths
    moths
    next
    next
    caterpillar

    (updated 15 July 2010, 16 December 2016)