Hasora khoda (Mabille, 1876)
Large Banded Awl
(previously known as Ismene khoda)
COELIADINAE ,   HESPERIIDAE ,   HESPERIOIDEA
  
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Peter R. Samson & Stella Crossley

Hasora khoda
(Photo: copyright Peter Samson)

These Caterpillars hatch from eggs laid singly on stems and young shoots of a foodplant. The Caterpillars are black with white lines along the body, and are covered sparsely in short white hairs. The Caterpillars feed on various types of FABACEAE, for example :

  • Australian Native Wisteria ( Millettia megasperma ), and
  • Sweet Wisteria ( Wisteria sinensis ),

    living in a shelter made from a folded leaf. The Caterpillars hide in this by day, coming out at night to feed on young foliage. They also pupate in their shelter.

    Hasora khoda
    (Photo: copyright Peter Samson)

    They pupate inside their leafy shelter.

    Hasora khoda
    (Photo copyright: Peter Samson)

    The adults are dark brown with two small pale yellow spots near the center of both surfaces of each fore wing.

    Hasora khoda
    female
    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The hind wings each have a slight tail at the tornus.

    Hasora khoda
    female, underside
    Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    There is a white bar across the underside of each hind wing.

    Hasora khoda
    male
    (Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)

    The males have a dark flash mark on each forewing. The male and female butterflies both have a wing span of about 5 cms.

    Hasora khoda
    male, underside
    (Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)

    This species was originally discovered on the Isle of Pines, Nouvelle Calédonie. The species occurs as nine subspecies, and its range extends from Asia to the south Pacific, including:

  • India,
  • New Caledonia,
  • New Guinea,
  • Philippines, and
  • Thailand.

    The subspecies haslia Swinhoe, 1899, inhabits the mid-east coast of Australia including:

  • New South Wales, and
  • Queensland.


    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby,
    Butterflies of Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 1, pp 83-84.

    Paul Mabille,
    Diagnoses d'Hespériens Nouveaux,
    Annales de la Société Entomologique de France,
    Series 5, Volume 6 (1876), p. XXV, No. 14.


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    (updated 11 February 2010, 29 September 2013)