(previously known as Pamphila sunias)
HESPERIINAE, HESPERIIDAE, HESPERIOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)
This caterpillar is green with a brown head. It has been found feeding on :
all of POACEAE. The caterpillar rests in a shelter made from blades of the foodplant joined with silk.
The caterpillar grows to a length of about 2 cms. It pupates in its shelter, head upward.
The upper side of the adult butterfly is dark brown with bright orange markings across each wing. The males have a black line across part of each forewing.
Underneath, the wings are pale brown with orange and darker brown patches. The wingspan is about 2.5 cms.
The eggs are laid singly on a foodplant leaf. They are hemispherical and initially white. As they deveop, they acquire red markings.
The species is found as various races in
and in Australia, three races have been recognised :
Further reading :
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 1, pp. 211-212.
Baron Cajetan von Felder,
Lepidopterorum Amboienensium species novae diagnosibus,
Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien,
Volume 40, Series 11 (1860), p. 462, No. 54.
Life history notes on the Wide-brand Grass-dart, Suniana sunias rectivitta (C.Felder, 1860) Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae,
Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club,
Issue 57 (June 2010), pp. 15-18.
Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 230.
(updated 16 September 2010, 29 September 2013, 31 May 2020)