Macadamia Cup Moth
(one synonym : Apoda xylomeli Scott, 1864)
(Photo: courtesy of Lara Bullen, Gold Coast, Queensland)
This Caterpillar is green with a yellow stripe down its back. It has a series of fleshy tubercles, along each side. The head has a pair of horns with black inside faces, which can be opened forming a black stripe across the head.
It feeds on many species in PROTEACEAE, including
The mature caterpillar burrows underground to pupate. The pupa is formed in a spherical cocoon.
The adults are brown. The forewings each have a white patch at the wingtip and a white pattern along the hind margin.
The forewing margins are doubly chequered. The hindwings are plain brown with chequered margins.
The undersides are dark brown shsding to pale brown at the margins. The underside margins are chequered. The moths have a wingspan of about 5 cms.
The species is found over much of mainland Australia, including
Further reading :
Ian F.B. Common,
Moths of Australia,
Melbourne University Press, 1990, pls. 8.10, 25.6, p. 302.
Harriet, Helena, and Alexander W. Scott,
Australian Lepidoptera and their Transformations,
Volume 1 (1864), pp. 19-20, and also Plate 6 (lower left)
Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera,
List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum,
Part 4 (1855), p. 851.
(updated 13 September 2012, 25 November 2023)