Calcarifera ordinata (Butler, 1886)
Wattle Cup Caterpillar
(one synonym is : Doratiphora colligans T.P. Lucas, 1901)
LIMACODIDAE ,   ZYGAENOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


(Photo: courtesy of photographer Darren Jew)

The Caterpillars of this species look as though they carry their own TV antennas. They have two large branched spikes protruding from the front and four from the rear, and a series of smaller ones along each side. These all sting. The sting has been described as "worse than 3 wasp stings". The caterpillars are brightly coloured greenish-yellow, and have a red dorsal stripe with a broad blue edging, and a blue band with red patches along each side.


(Photo: courtesy of Kell Nielsen, Gold Coast, Queensland)

They have been found feeding on :

  • Date Palms ( Phoenix Canariensis, ARECACEAE ),
  • various Wattles ( Acacia, MIMOSACEAE ),
  • Dogwood ( Jacksonia scoparia, FABACEAE ),
  • Ribbon Pea ( Leptosema aphyllum, FABACEAE ),
  • Roses ( Rosa odorata, ROSACEAE ),
  • Orange Trees ( Citrus sinensis, RUTACEAE ), and
  • Whitewood ( Atalaya Hemiglauca, SAPINDACEAE ).


    underside
    (Photo: courtesy of Kell Nielsen, Gold Coast, Queensland)

    The caterpillars have reduced legs, and locomote using a slug-like movement of the underside of the body.


    cocoon
    (Photo: courtesy of Kell Nielsen, Gold Coast, Queensland)

    The cocoon is formed on a leaf. It is spun out of silk in a small sphere, then covered in a liquid that sets like a tiny cricket ball.


    Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, from
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art

    The adult moth has cream forewings with black speckles and a row of brown dots parallel to the margin. The hindwings are pale brown. It has a wingspan of about 3 cms.


    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The species occurs in :

  • Western Australia,
  • Northern Territory,
  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales, and
  • South Australia.


    Further reading :

    Arthur G. Butler,
    Descriptions of Lepidoptera heterocera from the Australian Region,
    Transactions of the Entomological Society of London,
    1886, p. 388.

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, pl. 8.8, pp. 301-302.

    Buck Richardson,
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
    LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 104.


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    (updated 28 May 2013, 6 January 2014, 10 April 2015)