Doratifera quadriguttata (Walker, 1855)
Four-spotted Cup Moth
(one synonym : Doratiophora lewini Scott, 1864)
LIMACODIDAE,   ZYGAENOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

The eggs of this species are laid in clusters of 40 or so, and are covered by hair by the mother moth.


This Caterpillar is green with a delicate pattern of pink markings and paired black and white spots along its back. The patterned skin is raised into eight knobs: four at the front and four at the back. There is a black spot on each side of the caterpillar between each pair of segments that have knobs. Red stinging hairs are protruded from the four at the front on the thorax when the caterpillar is disturbed. In this way, this caterpillar can be distinguished from those of other species of Doratifera, which additionally have four sets of stinging hairs on the rear of the abdomen. Along the sides of the caterpillar are green fleshy spikes, like a skirt. The anterior spikes are reddish. The caterpillars normally keep their head hidden, only rearing up infrequently. The caterpillars move like slugs because their legs are reduced.


(Photo: courtesy of Allan Pratt, Brisbane, Queensland)

The Caterpillars have been recorded as feeding on:

  • Wattles ( Acacia, MIMOSACEAE ),
  • Gum Trees ( Eucalyptus, MYRTACEAE ),
  • Water Gum ( Tristaniopsis laurina, MYRTACEAE ),
  • Brush Box ( Lophostemon confertus, MYRTACEAE ), and
  • Stilted Mangrove ( Rhizophora stylosa, RHIZOPHORACEAE ).

    The Caterpillars grow to length of about 2 cms.


    (Photo: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney

    The pupa is enclosed in a strong woody cocoon, spun between leaves. It is oval with a small cap at one end. When the moth emerges, the pupal case is left in the cocoon, with the cap hinged to one side.


    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The adults are a uniform brown colour, with a row of two or four black dots across each fore wing. The moths have a wingspan of about 3 cms. They are very similar to the adults of Doratifera casta, but the Caterpillars are entirely different.


    (Photo: courtesy of Merlin Crossley, Melbourne, Victoria)

    The species has been found in

  • Northern Territory,
  • Queensland,
  • Australian Capital Territory,
  • New South Wales,
  • Victoria,
  • South Australia, and
  • Western Australia.


    Further reading :

    Ian F.B. Common,
    Moths of Australia, Melbourne University Press, 1990, figs. 29.2, 52.12, pl. 25.4, pp. 67, 69, 302.

    Pat and Mike Coupar,
    Flying Colours, New South Wales University Press, Sydney 1992, p. 61.

    Buck Richardson,
    Tropical Queensland Wildlife from Dusk to Dawn Science and Art,
    LeapFrogOz, Kuranda, 2015, p. 104.

    Francis Walker,
    Catalogue of Lepidoptera Heterocera,
    List of the Specimens of Lepidopterous Insects in the Collection of the British Museum,
    Part 5 (1855), pp. 1117-1118.


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    (updated 15 November 2012, 18 September 2013, 12 April 2014, 21 February 2015)