Ogyris barnardi Miskin, 1890
Barnard's Azure
ARHOPALINI ,   THECLINAE ,   LYCAENIDAE ,   PAPILIONOIDEA
  
Don Herbison-Evans,
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


male
(Photo: courtesy of Roger Grund, Butterfly Conservation South Australia Inc.)

The Caterpillar of this species is pink and flat with black dots, a brown head, and two ridges on the tail. It feeds on various species of Mistletoe ( LORANTHACEAE ) such as :

  • Fleshy Mistletoe ( Amyema miraculosa ), and
  • Grey Mistletoe ( Amyena quandang ),

    which are parasites on:

  • various Wattles ( Acacia, MIMOSACAE ).

    The Caterpillars typically feed nocturnally, and hide in crevices by day. The Caterpillars are usually attended by the small black ants :

  • Acrobat Ants ( Crematogaster, MYRMICINAE ).

    The pupa is mottled brown with a length of about 1.5 cms. Pupation usually occurs in a crevice or under bark on the foodplant host.

    The adults are metallic purple on top, the females having a broader black margin to the wings. Both sexes are blotchy fawn underneath, the fore wings each having a series of black and white stripes under the leading edge. The butterflies have a wingspan of 3 to 4 cms. They are rather sluggish flyers.

    The eggs are black with a green dot. The are round and flattened, with a diameter of about 0.8 mm. They are laid singly on leaves or flowerbuds of a foodplant.

    The species occurs over the inland of south-eastern Australia as two races :

  • barnardi in Queensland, and New South Wales, and Victoria, and
  • delphis Tindale, 1952, in South Australia.


    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby, Butterflies of Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2.

    William Henry Miskin,
    A Revision of the Australian Genus Ogyris, with Description of a new Species,
    Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales,
    Series 2, Volume 5, Part 1 (1890), pp. 27-28.


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    (updated 11 July 2004, 20 September 2013)