Ogyris barnardi Miskin, 1890
Barnard's Azure
ARHOPALINI,   THECLINAE,   LYCAENIDAE,   PAPILIONOIDEA
  
Don Herbison-Evans,
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


male
(Photo: courtesy of Roger Grund, Butterfly Conservation South Australia Inc.)

The Caterpillar of this species is pinkish-brown and flat with black dots, a brown head, and two ridges on the tail. It feeds on various species of Mistletoe (LORANTHACEAE) such as :

  • Fleshy Mistletoe (Amyema miraculosa), and
  • Grey Mistletoe (Amyena quandang),

    which are parasites on:

  • various Wattles (Acacia, MIMOSACAE).

    The caterpillars typically feed nocturnally, and hide in crevices by day. The caterpillars are usually attended by the small black ants :

  • Acrobat Ants (Crematogaster, MYRMICINAE).

    The pupa is mottled brown with a length of about 1.5 cms. Pupation usually occurs in a crevice or under bark on the foodplant host.

    The adults are metallic purple on top, the females having a broader black margin to the wings.

    Ogyris barnardi
    (Photo: courtesy of Martin Purvis)

    Both sexes are blotchy fawn underneath, the fore wings each having a series of black and white stripes under the leading edge. The butterflies have a wingspan of 3 to 4 cms. They are rather sluggish flyers.

    The eggs are black with a green dot. The are round and flattened, with a diameter of about 0.8 mm. They are laid singly on leaves or flowerbuds of a foodplant.

    The species occurs over the inland of south-eastern Australia as two races :

  • barnardi in Northern Territory, and Queensland, and New South Wales, and Victoria, and
  • delphis Tindale, 1952, in South Australia.


    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby, Butterflies of Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2.

    Kelvyn L. Dunn,
    Field Notes: Major extensions to the known distribution of the Bright Purple Azure, Ogyris barnardi (Miskin 1890) in Queensland (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae),
    Metamorphosis Australia,
    Issue 68 (March 2013), pp. 26-32,
    Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club.

    William Henry Miskin,
    A Revision of the Australian Genus Ogyris, with Description of a new Species,
    Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales,
    Series 2, Volume 5, Part 1 (1890), pp. 27-28.


    previous
    back
    caterpillar
    Australian
    Australian Butterflies
    butterflies
    Australian
    home
    Lepidoptera
    Australian
    Australian Moths
    moths
    next
    next
    caterpillar

    (updated 11 July 2004, 20 September 2013)