Strymon bazochii (Godart, 1874)
Lantana Scrub Hairstreak
(previously known as Polyommatus bazochii)
EUMAEINI ,   THECLINAE ,   LYCAENIDAE ,   PAPILIONOIDEA
  
Don Herbison-Evans,
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Strymon bazochii
(Photo: courtesy of F.R. Hedges, NPWRC, USA)

This Caterpillar was deliberately introduced and released into Australia from its native Mexico in 1914 in a failed attempt to control the exotic weed:

  • Lantana ( Lantana camara, VERBENACEAE ).

    A similar attempt in Hawaii in 1902 was also unsuccessful.

    The eggs are laid singly on flowers of food plants. The Caterpillars feed on the flowers and fruits of the food plants, which also include:

  • Lemon Verbena ( Lippia alba , VERBENACEAE ), and
  • Mexican Oregano ( Lippia graveolens , VERBENACEAE ).

    Strymon bazochii
    (Photo: courtesy of Paul A. Opler, NPWRC, USA)

    The butterflies are blue on the upper side, and underneath are a mottled brown, with a dark spot on the rear edge. They have a wing span of about 2 cm.

    The species failed to establish in Australia, and probably no longer occurs here.


    Further reading :

    Jean Baptiste Godart,
    Histoire Naturelle Entomologie,
    Encyclopédie Méthodique,
    Volume 9, Part 2 (1874), p. 612, No. 203, and also pp. 681-682, No. 203.

    James A. Scott,
    The Butterflies of North America: A Natural History and Field Guide,
    Stanford University Press, 1986, pl. 34, p. 385.


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    (updated 1 March 2010, 23 November 2013)