Cupid, Five-Spotted Pea-Blue, Gram Blue
(one synonym : Cupido amazara Kirby, 1871)
POLYOMMATINI, POLYOMMATINAE, LYCAENIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)
This Caterpillar is green with a purple dorsal line, and pale diagonal stripes on the side of each segment. It is hump-backed, somewhat hairy, and has a dark brown head. It is frequently attended by various species of ants.
The caterpillar feeds on the buds, flowers, and seed pods of various climbing FABACEAE, such as:
The pupa is pale yellow or green, with black spots.
The adult male butterflies are mauve, and the females brown suffused with mauve around the base. Both sexes have small tails on the hind wings. The males have two black spots by each tail.
The females have a subterminal arc of black spots by each tail.
The undersides of both sexes are very similar. Both are fawn with arcs of brown dots on every wing, and two black spots by the tail on each hind wing. The wingspan is about 7 cms.
The eggs are white and laid singly on young buds and shoots of a foodplant.
The species occurs as several races throughout south-east Asia, including :
The subspecies cnidus Waterhouse & Lyell, 1914, occurs in Australia on the tropical coasts of :
Further reading :
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia,
CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 850-851.
Johan Christian Fabricius,
Supplementum Entomologia Systematica ,
1798, p. 430, No. 100.
Life history notes on the Spotted Pea-blue, Euchrysops cnejus cnidus (Fabricius, 1798) Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae,
Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club,
Issue 64 (March 2012), pp. 27-29.
(updated 25 December 2009, 3 September 2019, 14 July 2020)