(previously known as Chrysophanus cyprotus)
CANDALIDINI, POLYOMMATINAE, LYCAENIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Roger Grund, Butterfly Conservation South Australia Inc.)
This Caterpillar is green with pink and blue tubercles each having a black bristle. It feeds on various plants, including :
The pupa is black with flanges each side of the abdomen, and has a length of about 1.3 cms. It may be found in the debris at the foot of the foodplant.
The female adults are dark brown on top, with a large blue patch near the centre of each fore wing. The males are more uniformly purple over both fore and hind wings, with a black trident mark near the centre of each forewing. Underneath, they both are a pale fawn colour with arcs of brown carets and dots under both fore and hind wings. The butterflies have a wing span of about 3 cms.
The eggs are green, round, flattened, with microscopic knobbles. Their diameter is about 0.5 mm. They are laid singly on the buds or stalk of a foodplant.
Males are known to 'hilltop' while females are more secretive in their habits. Populations are isolated, though common where they occur. The species occurs in the southern half of mainland Australia, from Perth to Brisbane, including the subspecies :
Further reading :
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia,
CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 762-763.
Arthur Sidney Olliff,
A new butterfly of the family Lycenidae from the Blue Mountains,
Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales,
Volume 10, Part 4 (1886), pp. 716-717.
Gerald Edward Tite,
A revision of the genus Candalides and allied genera (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae),
Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Entomology,
Volume 14, Part 5 (1963), p. 215., No. ii.
(updated 30 July 2009, 21 September 2013, 12 March 2015)