LYCAENIDAE in Australia
Blues, Hairstreaks, & Coppers
PAPILIONOIDEA
    
Don Herbison-Evans,
(donherbisonevans@yahoo.com)
and
Stella Crossley

LYCAENIDAE

eggs
  
LYCAENIDAE

caterpillars
  
LYCAENIDAE

pupae
  
LYCAENIDAE

males
  
LYCAENIDAE

females
  
LYCAENIDAE

undersides

The common names of the families are derived generally from the adults not the Caterpillars. "Blue" and "Copper" refer to the predominant colours of the wings of the adults of various members of this family.

The butterflies of LYCAENIDAE generally lay their eggs singly on the undersides of young leaves of the foodplants. The eggs are usually spherical and cream coloured.

Most of the Caterpillars of this family are small, as are the adults. The Caterpillars also have an unusual shape and posture. Their head is often held under the body, which is flattened and broad, superficially resembling a wood louse or slater. They are often covered with secondary hairs (setae) of diverse shapes, such as branched, clubbed, or stellate. The bodies of many species also bear median and dorsolateral organs, typically on the seventh segment. These secrete a honey-like liquid, which often attracts ants. The continual presence of the ants probably deters parasitic wasps and flies from preying on the Caterpillars. This topic is the subject of current research.


Caterpillar of Daemel's Blue (Jalmanus daemeli) with attendant ant.

The pupae are usually secured by hooks beneath the rear abdominal segments to a pad of silk and by a central girdle of silk. However, in some species the pupae lie free in the soil, and hooks and girdle are absent.

The 145 Australian species of LYCAENIDAE are:

Acrodipsas arcana : Black-Veined Ant Blue
Acrodipsas aurata : Bronze Ant Blue
Acrodipsas brisbanensis : Large Ant Blue
Acrodipsas cuprea : Copper Ant Blue

  • Acrodipsas decima : Northern Ant Blue
    Acrodipsas hirtipes : Black Ant Blue
    Acrodipsas illidgei : Mangrove Ant Blue
    Acrodipsas melania : Grey Ant Blue
    Acrodipsas mortoni : Brown Ant Blue
    Acrodipsas myrmecophila : Small Ant Blue

    Anthene lycaenoides : Pale Ciliate Blue
    Anthene seltuttus : Dark Ciliate Blue

    Arhopala centaurus : Dull Oak Blue
    Arhopala madytus : Bright Oak Blue
    Arhopala micale : White Oak Blue
    Arhopala wildei : Small Oak Blue

    Bindahara phocides : Sword-Tailed Flash

    Candalides heathi : Rayed Blue
    Candalides noelkeri : Golden Rayed Blue
    Candalides xanthospilos : Yellow Spot Blue

    Catochrysops amasea : Pale Blue
    Catochrysops panormus : Forget-me-not

    Catopyrops ancyra : Papuan Line Blue
    Catopyrops florinda : Speckled Line Blue

    Cyprotides cyprotus : Copper Pencilled Blue

    Danis danis : Large Green-banded Blue

    Deudorix democles : White-spotted Flash
    Deudorix diovis : Bright Cornelian
    Deudorix epijarbas : Dull Cornelian
    Deudorix epirus : Red-Lobed Flash
    Deudorix smilis : Princess Flash

    Eirmocides absimilis : Pencilled Blue
    Eirmocides consimilis : Dark Pencilled Blue
    Eirmocides helenita : Shining Pencilled Blue
    Eirmocides margarita : Trident Pencilled Blue

    Erina acasta : Blotched Blue
    Erina delospila : Spotted Dusky Blue
    Erina erinus : Small Dusky Blue
    Erina geminus : Large Dusky Blue
    Erina hyacinthina : Varied Dusky Blue

    Erysichton lineatus : Hairy Line Blue

    Euchrysops cnejus : Cupid

    Everes lacturnus : Tailed Cupid

    Famegana alsulus : Black Spotted Grass Blue

    Freyeria putli : Grass Jewel

    Hypochrysops apelles : Copper Jewel
    Hypochrysops apollo : Apollo Jewel
    Hypochrysops byzos : Yellow Spot Jewel
    Hypochrysops cleon : Cleon Jewel
    Hypochrysops cyane : Cyane Jewel
    Hypochrysops delicia : Moonlight Jewel
    Hypochrysops digglesii : Silky Jewel
    Hypochrysops elgneri : Amethyst Jewel
    Hypochrysops epicurus : Dull Jewel
    Hypochrysops halyaetus : Western Jewel
    Hypochrysops hippuris : Paradise Jewel
    Hypochrysops ignitus : Fiery Jewel
    Hypochrysops miskini : Miskin's Jewel
    Hypochrysops narcissus : Narcissus Jewel
    Hypochrysops piceata : Bulloak Jewel
    Hypochrysops polycletus : Rovena Jewel
    Hypochrysops pythias : Peacock Jewel
    Hypochrysops theon : Theon Jewel

    Hypolycaena danis : Black & White Tit
    Hypolycaena phorbas : Common Tit

    Ionolyce helicon : Bronze Line Blue

    Jalmenus aridus : Desert Hairstreak
    Jalmenus clementi : Turquoise Hairstreak
    Jalmenus daemeli : Dämel's Hairstreak
    Jalmenus eubulus : Queensland Hairstreak
    Jalmenus evagoras : Common Imperial Hairstreak
    Jalmenus eichhorni : Northern Hairstreak
    Jalmenus icilius : Amethyst Hairstreak
    Jalmenus ictinus : Stencilled Hairstreak
    Jalmenus inous : Varied Hairstreak
    Jalmenus lithochroa : Waterhouse's Hairstreak
    Jalmenus pseudictinus : Macqueen's Hairstreak

    Jameela palmyra : Marbled LineBlue

    Jamides aleuas : Bright Cerulean
    Jamides amarauge : Shining Cerulean
    Jamides cyta : Pale Cerulean
    Jamides phaseli : Dark Cerulean

    Lampides boeticus : Pea Blue

    Leptotes plinius : Zebra Blue

    Liphyra brassolis : Moth Butterfly

    Lucia limbaria : Small Copper

    Megisba strongyle : Malayan

    Nacaduba berenice : Six Lineblue
    Nacaduba biocellata : Double Spotted Lineblue
    Nacaduba cyanea : Tailed Green-Banded Blue
    Nacaduba kurava : White Line Blue

    Neolucia agricola : Fringed Blue
    Neolucia hobartensis : Mountain Blue
    Neolucia mathewi : Mathew's Blue

    Neopithecops lucifer : Quaker

    Nesolycaena albosericea : Satin Blue
    Nesolycaena caesia : Sky Blue
    Nesolycaena urumelia : Arnhemland Blue

    Ogyris abrota : Dark Purple Azure
    Ogyris aenone : Cooktown Azure
    Ogyris amaryllis : Satin Azure
    Ogyris barnardi : Bright-Purple Azure
    Ogyris genoveva : Southern Purple Azure
    Ogyris ianthis : Golden Azure
    Ogyris idmo : Large Brown Azure
    Ogyris iphis : Dodd's Azure
    Ogyris olane : Olane Azure
    Ogyris oroetes : Silky Azure
    Ogyris otanes : Small Brown Azure
    Ogyris subterrestris : Arid Bronze Azure
    Ogyris zosine : Purple Azure

    Paralucia aurifera : Bright Copper
    Paralucia pyrodiscus : Eltham Copper
    Paralucia spinifera : Bathurst Copper

    Petrelaea tombugensis : Ios Blue

    Philiris azula : Azula Moonbeam
    Philiris diana : Diana Moonbeam
    Philiris fulgens : Purple Moonbeam
    Philiris innotatus : Common Moonbeam
    Philiris lucina
    Philiris nitens : Blue Moonbeam
    Philiris papuana : Papuan Moonbeam
    Philiris sappheira : Sapphire Moonbeam
    Philiris ziska : Ziska Moonbeam

    Pithecops dionisius : Pied Blue

    Praetaxila segecia : Australian Harlequin

    Prosotas dubiosa : Small Purple Lineblue
    Prosotas felderi : Felder's Lineblue
    Prosotas nora : Nora's Lineblue

    Pseudalmenus chlorinda : Chlorinda Hairstreak

    Pseudodipsas cephenes : Cephenes Blue
    Pseudodipsas eone : Eone Blue

    Psychonotis caelius : Small Green-banded Blue

    Rapala varuna : Indigo Flash

    Sahulana scintillata : Glistening Blue

    Strymon bazochii : Lantana Scrub Hairstreak

    Theclinesthes albocinctus : Bitter-Bush Blue
    Theclinesthes hesperia : Hesperia Blue
    Theclinesthes miskini : Miskin's Blue
    Theclinesthes onycha : Cycad Blue
    Theclinesthes serpentatus : Chequered Blue
    Theclinesthes sulpitius : Saltpan Blue

    Udara cardia : Australian Hedge Blue

    Zizeeria karsandra : Dark Grass Blue

    Zizina otis : Common Grass Blue

    Zizula hylax : Tiny Grass Blue

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    (updated 22 May 2010, 16 December 2013, 26 January 2014, 23 May 2015, 7 February 2017, 2 November 2018, 12 November 2020, 7 September 2021)