Hylaeora caustopis Tepper, 1890
Great Rough-head
(one synonym: Hyleora lacerta Druce, 1901)
THAUMETOPOEINAE ,   NOTODONTIDAE ,   NOCTUOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


male
(Photo: courtesy of Peter Marriott, Moths of Victoria: part 2)

The Caterpillars of this species are pale green with a crenulated ridge running along each side of the back. The caterpillars are thought to feed on Gum trees, including

  • Eucalyptus leucoxylon, MYRTACEAE ).

    The adult moth has dark brown forewings, each with a broad indistinct pale submarginal band, and sometimes with a white stripe extending from the base. The moth has pale brown hindwings with dark edges, and an orange body. The wingspan of the male is about 9 cms. The female has a wingspan of about 10 cms.

    The moths are noted for resting only a few centimetres above the ground on saplings and posts.


    female
    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)

    The species is found in the southern half of Australia, including

  • Australian Capital Territory,
  • Victoria,
  • Tasmania,
  • South Australia, and
  • Western Australia.


    male
    (Specimen: courtesy of the Macleay Museum, University of Sydney)


    Further reading :

    Herbert Druce,
    Descriptions of some new species of Heterocera,
    Transactions of the Entomological Society of London,
    1889, p. 78.

    Peter Marriott,
    Moths of Victoria: part 2,
    Tiger Moths and their Allies - Noctuoidea (A)
    ,
    Entomological Society of Victoria, 2009, pp. 14-15.

    Johann Gottlieb Otto Tepper,
    Part II Lepidoptera, or butterflies and moths of Adelaide,
    Common native insects of South Australia,
    Adelaide, 1890, pp. 26-27.


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    (updated 7 April 2013)