(erroneously: Hyelora dilucida)
NOTODONTINAE, NOTODONTIDAE, NOCTUOIDEA
(Photo: by David Carter, Natural History Museum, London, courtesy of Denys Long, East Sussex)
This Caterpillar is smooth, and green, grey or brownish. It has a darker coloring along the back, and is paler along the sides. It has a dark line bordered in white along each side separating the two shades. The prominent pale spiracles are outlined with black.
The anal segment has orange claspers, and two very dark patches on top, and a pair of black-outlined yellow patches underneath. When the caterpillar feels threatened, the tail segments are lifted, displaying the coloured patches, looking like the eyes of an orange horned monster.
The caterpillars feed on :
Pupation occurs in a sparse cocoon which has a length of about 3 cms. The cocoon is covered in bits of debris. Metamorphosis in the pupa can take approximately a year.
The adult male and female moths both have dark grey-brown forewings, white hindwings with dark edges and veins, and an orange body.
The species occurs mainly inland in the southern half of mainland Australia, including
The females have thread-like antennae. The males have feathery antennae. The wingspan of the females is about 8 cms. The wingspan of the males is about 6.5 cms.
Further reading :
Ian F.B. Common,
Moths of Australia,
Melbourne University Press, 1990, pl. 17.10, p. 421.
Rudolf Felder & Alois F. Rogenhofer,
Zoologischer Theil: Lepidoptera,
Reise der Osterreichischen Fregatte Novara,
Band 2, Abtheilung 2 (1875), p. 5, and Plate 96, fig. 5.
Peter B. McQuillan, Jan A. Forrest, David Keane, & Roger Grund,
Caterpillars, moths, and their plants of Southern Australia,
Butterfly Conservation South Australia Inc., Adelaide (2019), pp. front cover, 142.
Moths of Victoria: part 2,
Tiger Moths and their Allies - Noctuoidea (A),
Entomological Society of Victoria, 2009, pp. 14-15.
(updated 13 July 2013, 19 October 2017, 22 December 2019, 9 August 2021)