Black & White or Swamp Tiger
(one synonym: Salatura nigrita Moore, 1883)
DANAINAE, NYMPHALIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of David Johnston, Queensland)
The Caterpillars of this species are dark blue, with white and yellow spots and bands. They have three pairs of filaments on their back.
They feed on various poisonous climbers growing on the margins of swamps and creeks in the plant family APOCYNACEAE, including
The pupa is green or brown with a gold ring around its widest part, and hangs from a stem of a reed supporting the foodplant.
The upper sides of the wings of the adult butterflies are black and white.
The undersides are similar, except that the hindwings also have orange markings. The butterflies have a wingspan of about 6 cms.
The butterflies are very fussy where they obtain nectar. They are especially fond of
The eggs are pale yellow and bullet shaped, with a peak diameter of about 0.8 mm., and a height of about 1.2 mm. The surface of each egg is covered with a dozen or so embossed ribs, each a column of about two dozen embossed circles. The eggs are laid singly on a foodpant.
This is a coastal species, found as a number of subspecies over south-east Asia, including
and in Australia in
Further reading :
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia,
CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 596-597.
Johan Christian Fabricius,
Historiae Natvralis Favtoribvs,
1775, p. 511, No. 291.
Frank Jordan & Helen Schwencke,
Create More Butterflies : a guide to 48 butterflies and their host-plants
Earthling Enterprises, Brisbane, 2005, pp. 43, 59.
(updated 30 March 2009, 30 November 2013, 4 March 2015, 15 June 2020, 22 September 2021)