NYMPHALINAE, NYMPHALIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Rose Robin, Tamborine Mountain, Queensland)
The Caterpillars of this species feed on various species from the family ACANTHACEAE, including the Australian native plants :
as well as the introduced species :
The Caterpillar is black with cream spots and blue and red markings. It is covered sparsely in branched black spines, and has a pair of hairy horns on its head. The caterpillar feeds nocturnally, hiding by day in debris on the ground by its foodplant.
The pupa is smooth and brown, with a curvy black line along each side, and a few yellow spots . It hangs by a silk cremaster from the foodplant.
The adult butterflies have wings shaped so that the resting butterfly (with the wings closed over its back) looks like a leaf. There is a small tail to the hind wings. The upper surfaces of the wings are orange with a broad dark area around the wingtips.
The undersides purplish-brown with a vein-like mark running across both the fore and hind wings.
The eggs are pale yellow and spherical, and are laid in small clusters on young growth of a foodplant.
The species is found across south-east Asia including :
and the subspecies australis C. & R. Felder, , occurs in:
Further reading :
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia,
CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 563-564.
Description de Papillons Exotiques,
Uitlandsche kapellen voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen,
Amsterdam Baalde, Volume 2 (1777), p. 9, figs. C, D, and Plate 102, figs. C, D.
Frank Jordan & Helen Schwencke,
Create More Butterflies : a guide to 48 butterflies and their host-plants
Earthling Enterprises, Brisbane, 2005, pp. 27, 61, 64.
(updated 21 February 2011, 16 December 2017)