(previously known as Xenica cyrila)
SATYRINAE, NYMPHALIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
These Caterpillars initially are green with white stripes, sparse prominent hairs, and a black head. Later instars may become brown, and develop a diamond shaped pattern along the back. The caterpillars have a pair of horns on the head and also on the tail.
The caterpillars feed on various species of :
The caterpillars grow to a length of about 2.5 cms.
The pupa is black with length of about 1 cm. It is suspended from a cremaster from the foodplant.
The upper surfaces of the wings of the adult butterflies are brown with yellow patches. The upper sides of the hind wings have one eyespot each, and the forewings each have a row or three white spots.
Underneath, the forewings are fawn with black and off-white patches, and a row of three white spots. The underside of each hindwing is fawn with dull orange patches, and a dull eyespot. The butterflies have a wing span of about 4 cms. They are commonly encountered in lush gullies, where the males activly fly around defending territories and visiting local flowers. The females are more secretive.
The male adults of this species seem to have a predilection for congregating at hill tops.
The eggs are bright green and spherical, and each is covered in a microscopic embossed pattern of about 80 columns of about 80 shallow hexagons. The eggs have a diameter of about 1mm. They are laid singly on a foodplant.
The species is found in
Further reading :
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia,
CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 489-490.
Gustavus Athol Waterhouse & George Lyell,
The Butterflies of Australia,
Angus & Robertson, 1914, Sydney, p. 41, figs. 129, 130, 832, 833.
(updated 17 October 2011, 20 September 2013, 4 March 2015, 14 June 2020, 24 September 2021)