Small Brown Crow
(one synonym : Calliploea waterhousei Bryk, 1937)
DANAINAE, NYMPHALIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
(Photo: by C.E. Meyer, courtesy of The Australian Entomologist)
This species was named by Captain King of Macleay's ship (the "Bathust") after his friend Thomas Darch, of the Admiralty.
These Caterpillars have a series of alternating dark brown and pale cream bands across each segment, shading into orange-brown at the sides of the body. There is a cream stripe along each side of the body just above the legs. The caterpillars have three pairs of dark brown fleshy filaments. The caterpillars grow to a length of about 4 cms. They feed on the new shoots of :
The caterpillars grow to a length of about 4 cms. The pupa is naked and hung by a cremaster. It is initially green, but it changes to appear metallic after a couple of days, looking as though it is chrome-plated. It has a length of about 1 cm.
The adult butterflies emerge after just over a week, and are brownish black, with an arc of white spots around each wing margin.
The undersides are very similar to the upper surfaces. The adult butterflies have a wing span around 5 cms.
The eggs are yellow and have a height of about 1 mm. The are laid singly on the undersides of leaves on young shoots of a foodplant.
There are various subspecies found in
and Australian has the two subspecies :
Further reading :
William Sharp Macleay,
in Philip Parker King :
Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia,
Volume 2 (1826), Appendix B, p. 462, No. 149.
Notes on the Immature Stages of Euploea darchia darchia (W.S. Macleay) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae),
The Australian Entomologist,
Volume 23, Part 3 (October 1996), pp. 81-82.
John T. Moss,
The Intriguing White-margined Crow Butterfly Euploea darchia niveata (Butler, 1875),
Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club,
Issue 56 (March 2010), pp. 1, 4-9,
(updated 14 July 2004, 2 December 2013, 11 March 2015, 17 June 2020)