Geitoneura klugii (Guerin-Meneville, 1830)
Klug's Xenica
(erroneously: Satyrus kluggi)
SATYRINAE ,   NYMPHALIDAE ,   PAPILIONOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Geitoneura klugii
(Photo: courtesy of M. and P. Coupar, Museum Victoria)

The Caterpillars of this species are yellowish-green, with darker green lines along the body. The anal segment has a pair of green projections tipped with brown. They feed openly in daylight on common grasses ( POACEAE ), including :

  • Coast Spear-grass ( Austrostipa flavescens ),
  • False Brome ( Brachypodium distachyon ),
  • Perennial Veldt Grass ( Ehrharta calycina ),
  • Red Anther Wallaby Grass ( Joycea pallida ),
  • Common Tussock Grass ( Poa labillardieri ), and
  • Kangaroo Grass ( Themeda triandra ).

    They grow to a length of about 4 cms.

    Geitoneura klugii
    (Photo: courtesy of Laura Levens, Upper Beaconsfield, Victoria)

    The pupa is green with yellow ridges. It is suspended from a cremaster on or near a foodplant. Its length is about 1.5 cms.

    Geitoneura klugii
    (Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)

    The adult butterflies have a wing span of about 4 cms. The upper surfaces of the wings are orange with dark brown markings, and an eyespot on each wing.

    Geitoneura klugii
    underside
    (Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)

    The undersides are very similar, but the eyespots under the hindwings are vestigial.

    Geitoneura klugii
    (Photo: courtesy of Laura Levens, Upper Beaconsfield, Victoria)

    The eggs are cream coloured and spherical with a diameter of about 0.8 mm. They are laid singly or in pairs on a leaf of a foodplant.

    The species is found along the southern coastal region of Australia, including

  • Queensland,
  • New South Wales,
  • Victoria,
  • Tasmania,
  • South Australia, and
  • Western Australia.


    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby,
    Butterflies of Australia,
    CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 504-506.

    Félix Édouard Guérin-Méneville,
    Zoologie,
    Voyage autour du monde sur la covette La Coquille,
    Volume 2, Part 2 (1838), p. 280, and Plate 17, fig. 1.


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    (updated 24 February 2011, 20 September 2013, 13 March 2015)