(one synonym : Euploea usipetes Hewitson, 1858)
DANAINAE, NYMPHALIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
(Specimen: courtesy of the The Australian Museum)
The adult butterflies of this species are dark brown, and usually a paler area on the rear of each hindwing. The males have a round orange sex mark near the middle of each forewing. The adult butterflies have a wing span around 6 cms.
Various subspecies are found in
and in Australia in
Further reading :
Johann Friedrich Gmelin,
1790 Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Linné, editio decima tertia, aucta, reformata,
Leipzig (Lipsiae) : G.E. Beer Volume 1, Part 5 (1790). p. 2289, No. 889.
William Chapman Hewitson,
Illustrations of new species of exotic butterflies,
London, Volume 1 (1858) p. 66, No. 4, and Plate 34, fig. 4.
(updated 8 September 2003, 5 December 2013, 17 June 2020)