Euploea modesta Butler, 1866
(one synonym : Menama tavoyana Moore, 1883)
DANAINAE ,   NYMPHALIDAE ,   PAPILIONOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


(Photo: courtesy of J-Y-M )

These Caterpillars have brown sides and black and white banded backs. They have three pairs of black fleshy tentacles two on the front, and one on the rear of the animal. They have been found feeding on

  • Oleander ( Nerium oleander, APOCYNACEAE ), and
  • Cluster Fig ( Ficus glomerata, MORACEAE ).


    (Photo: courtesy of Species Central )

    The adult butterflies are chocolate brown on top, with some white spots near each forewing tip, and an arc of white spots around the inner margin of each hindwing. The wings have a blue sheen. The undersides are similar with the addition of a scattering of small blue spots under each wing.

    Various subspecies are found across south-east Asia, including :

  • Indonesia,
  • Malaysia,
  • Thailand,

    and the subspecies lugens Butler, 1876, in Australia in

  • Queensland.


    Further reading :

    Arthur G. Butler,
    Monograph of the diurnal Lepidoptera belonging to the Genus Euploea,
    Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London,
    1866, Part 2, p. 273, No. 13.

    C.E. Meyer, S.S. Brown and R.P. Weir,
    The first record of Euploea modesta lugens Butler (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Danainae) from Australia,
    Australian Entomologist,
    Volume 31, Part 4 (17 December 2004), pp. 177-180.


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    (updated 3 January 2010, 4 December 2013, 15 March 2015)