(one synonym: Eugramma paksha)
HELICONIINAE , NYMPHALIDAE , PAPILIONOIDEA
(Photo: courtesy of Garry Sankowsky, Tolga, Queensland)
The Caterpillars of this species are brown with some white patches, including a totally white segment in the middle of the abdomen. The caterpillars are covered in black spiky hairs. The caterpillars grow to a length of about 3 cms.
The caterpillars feed on the leaves, fruit, and stems of :
The pupa is brown and spiky, with white marks and gold spots. It hangs head downward from a cremaster. Its length is about 3 cms.
The adult butterflies which have forewings that on top are orange, with a large black area on each wing tip containing a white band and a row of white spots. The upper surface of each hind wing is orange with a broad black border.
Underneath, both wings are brown with white bands bordered by rows of black spots. The adults have a wingspan up to 7 cms.
The eggs of this species are laid typically in clusters around a stem of the food plant. They are cylindrical and ribbed, and coloured pale yellow. They are about 1 millimetre in height.
The species occurs as various subspecies in south-east Asia, including
and the subspecies paksha Fruhstorfer, 1905, occurs in Australia in
This is a featured species at the Coffs Harbour Butterfly House.
Further reading :
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia,
CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 538-539.
Description de Papillons Exotiques,
Uitlandsche kapellen voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen,
Amsterdam Baalde, vol. 2 (1777), p. 78, figs. B, C, and also Plate 145, figs. B, C.
(updated 4 December 2009, 17 December 2013, 18 October 2015)