(one synonym is Salamis australis Fruhstorfer, 1899)
NYMPHALINAE, NYMPHALIDAE, PAPILIONOIDEA
(Specimen courtesy: Butterfly House, Coffs Harbour)
This Caterpillar is cylindrical, and black with a dashed orange and white line along each side. It is covered in black branched hairs. The foodplants of the caterpillar are
When not feeding, the Caterpillar rests underneath a leaf.
The pupa is suspended from a cremaster. It is brown and spiky, and has three white spots (one large, and two small) on each side. Its length is about 2 cms.
The adult is brown with a broad orange stripe extending over both wings. The females have a white mark in the black tip of each forewing, and the males have a yellow one. The wingspan is about 7 cms.
The undersides have a similar pattern but in light and dark brown.
The eggs are spherical and finely ribbed. They are silvery green and have a diameter of about 1 mm. They are laid singly under leaves of a foodplant.
The species is found as several subspecies across south-east Asia, including
The subspecies parva (Butler, 1876) is found in Australia in the
This is a featured species at the Coffs Harbour Butterfly House. Butterflies of this species may be purchased for release at weddings etc.
Further reading :
Michael F. Braby,
Butterflies of Australia,
CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 571-572.
Uitlandsche kapellen voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen,
Amsterdam Baalde, Volume 4 (1777), p. 1,, and also Plate 289, figs. A, B, C, D.
Butterfly Larvae Images,
Issue 57 (June 2010), p. 38,
Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club.
The life history of Yoma sabina parva (Butler) (Lepidoptera:Nymphalinae),
Australian Entomological Magazine,
Volume 14 (1987), pp 1-2.
(updated 9 December 2009, 13 December 2013, 27 January 2014, 30 January 2016, 30 June 2020)