Yoma sabina (Cramer, 1780)
The Lurcher
(one synonym is Salamis australis Fruhstorfer, 1899)
NYMPHALINAE,   NYMPHALIDAE,   PAPILIONOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Yoma sabina
(Specimen courtesy: Butterfly House, Coffs Harbour)

This Caterpillar is cylindrical, and black with a dashed orange and white line along each side. It is covered in black branched hairs. The foodplants of the caterpillar are

  • Australian Native Petunias ( Ruellia = Dipteracanthus species, ACANTHACEAE ).

    When not feeding, the Caterpillar rests underneath a leaf.

    Yoma sabina
    (Specimen courtesy: Butterfly House, Coffs Harbour)

    The pupa is suspended from a cremaster. It is brown and spiky, and has three white spots (one large, and two small) on each side. Its length is about 2 cms.

    Yoma sabina
    Male
    (Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, Kuranda, Queensland)

    The adult is brown with a broad orange stripe extending over both wings. The females have a white mark in the black tip of each forewing, and the males have a yellow one. The wingspan is about 7 cms.

    Yoma sabina
    Female
    (Photo: courtesy of Buck Richardson, Kuranda, Queensland)

    The undersides have a similar pattern but in light and dark brown.

    Yoma sabina
    underside
    (Photo: courtesy of Martin Purvis)

    The eggs are spherical and finely ribbed. They are silvery green and have a diameter of about 1 mm. They are laid singly under leaves of a foodplant.

    The species is found as several subspecies across south-east Asia, including

  • Indonesia,
  • Taiwan, and
  • Thailand.

    The subspecies parva (Butler, 1876) is found in Australia in the

  • Northern Territory, and
  • north Queensland.

    This is a featured species at the Coffs Harbour Butterfly House. Butterflies of this species may be purchased for release at weddings etc.

    Yoma sabina            Yoma sabina


    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby,
    Butterflies of Australia,
    CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 571-572.

    Pieter Cramer,
    Papillons exotiques,
    Uitlandsche kapellen voorkomende in de drie waereld-deelen,
    Amsterdam Baalde, Volume 4 (1777), p. 1,, and also Plate 289, figs. A, B, C, D.

    Ross Kendall,
    Butterfly Larvae Images,
    Metamorphosis Australia,
    Issue 57 (June 2010), p. 38,
    Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club.

    G.A. Wood,
    The life history of Yoma sabina parva (Butler) (Lepidoptera:Nymphalinae),
    Australian Entomological Magazine,
    Volume 14 (1987), pp 1-2.


    previous
    back
    caterpillar
    Australian
    Australian Butterflies
    butterflies
    Australian
    home
    caterpillars
    Australian
    Australian Moths
    moths
    next
    next
    caterpillar

    (updated 9 December 2009, 13 December 2013, 27 January 2014, 30 January 2016)