SATYRINAE of Australia
including AMATHUSIINI, ELYMIINI, MELANITINI, and SATYRINI
Browns and Satyrs
NYMPHALIDAE,   PAPILIONOIDEA
  
    
Don Herbison-Evans,
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

SATYRINAE

eggs
    
SATYRINAE

caterpillars
    
SATYRINAE

pupae
    
SATYRINAE

butterflies
    
SATYRINAE

undersides

The Caterpillars of SATYRINAE have a head which sometimes has a forked top, and also have a forked tail. The common names of the tribes in SATYRINAE seem to be derived from considerations of the adult Butterflies.

The "Browns" are probably so-named simply because their basic wing colour is brown!

The "Satyrs" may have been named for their similarities to legendary and mythical figures. The "Satyrs" in Greek mythology were the attendants of Bacchus, God of Wine and Revelry. They were grotesque spirits who danced about in woodland glades, and had the head and torso of a man, but the lower half of a goat. The group of NYMPHALIDAE called "Satyrs" are brown, have prominent eyespots, and are generally found in woodland. So perhaps they were so-named because of their woodland haunts, or perhaps because with their eyespots, they looked like grotesque heads.

The Australian species in SATYRINAE are:

Argynnina cyrila : Cyril's Brown
Argynnina hobartia : Hobart Brown

Elymnias agondas : Palmfly

Geitoneura acantha : Eastern Ringed Xenica
Geitoneura klugii : Klug's Xenica
Geitoneura minyas : Western Xenica

Heteronympha banksii : Banks' Brown
Heteronympha cordace : Bright Eyed Brown
Heteronympha merope : Common Brown
Heteronympha mirifica : Wonder Brown
Heteronympha paradelpha : Spotted Brown
Heteronympha penelope : Shouldered Brown
Heteronympha solandri : Solander's Brown

Hypocysta adiante : Orange Ringlet
Hypocysta angustata : Black & White Ringlet
Hypocysta euphemia : Rock Ringlet
Hypocysta irius : Northern Ringlet
Hypocysta metirius : Common Brown Ringlet
Hypocysta pseudirius : Dingy Ringlet

Melanitis leda : Evening Brown

Mycalesis perseus : Dingy Bush Brown
Mycalesis sirius : Cedar Bush Brown
Mycalesis terminus : Orange Bush Brown

Nesoxenica leprea : Leprea Brown

Oreixenica correae : Correa Brown
Oreixenica kershawi : Striped Xenica
Oreixenica latialis : Alpine Silver Xenica
Oreixenica lathoniella : Common Silver Xenica
Oreixenica orichora : Spotted Alpine Xenica
Oreixenica ptunarra : Ptunarra Brown

Orsotriaena medus : Nigger

Taenaris artemis : Pearl Owl

Tsiphone abeona : Swordgrass Brown
Tisiphone helena : Helena Brown

Ypthima arctous : Dingy Ring

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(written 3 August 2016)