Heteronympha solandri Waterhouse, 1904
Solander's Brown
SATYRINAE ,   NYMPHALIDAE ,   PAPILIONOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley


(Photo: courtesy of Museum Victoria)

These Caterpillars are initially pale green with a black head. Later instars are green or brown with a darker markings, including a dark spot on the back of the first three abdominal segments. The head is brown with a black triangular mark, and has two pink tipped horns. The tail also has a pair of horns. The caterpillars grow to a length of about 2.5 cms. They feed on various species of

  • Grass ( POACEAE ).

    The caterpillars feed nocturnally, hiding by day at the base of the tussock.

    The pupa is green or brown with ridges and spikes, some edged in cream. It is is suspended by a cremaster from a foodplant stem or an object near the foodplant. Its length is about 1.5 cms.

    The wings of the adult butterflies on top are brown with yellow patches. Each forewing has a white spot near the wingtip, and each hindwing has an eyespot.


    underside
    (Photo: courtesy of Museum Victoria)

    Underneath, the forewings are similar, but the hind wings are pale brown with thin wavy dark brown lines. The butterflies have a wing span of about 4 cms.

    The eggs are pale geen and spherical. They are laid singly on a foodplant.

    The subspecies occurs solandri in the mountains of

  • New South Wales, and
  • Victoria,
    and subspecies angela Tindale, 1953 occurs in
  • Victoria.

    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby,
    Butterflies of Australia, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 517-518.

    Gustavus Athol Waterhouse,
    On a new species of Heronympha and a new variety of Tisiphone abeona,
    Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales,
    Volume 29, Part 3 (1904), pp. 466-468.


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    (updated 21 July 2004, 8 April 2017)