Euploea tulliolus (Fabricius, 1793)
Purple Crow
DANAINAE ,   NYMPHALIDAE ,   PAPILIONOIDEA
 
Don Herbison-Evans
(donherbisonevans@outlook.com)
and
Stella Crossley

Euploea tulliolus
(Photo: courtesy of Wes Jenkinson)

This Caterpillar has black and yellow bands, and white spots. It also has three pairs of fleshy tentacles. It has been found feeding on the young shoots of :

  • Burny Vine ( Trophis scandens, MORACEAE ), and
  • Bitter Vine ( Mikania cordata, ASTERACEAE ).

    The pupa is silver.

    Euploea tulliolus
    (Photo: courtesy of Martin Purvis, Sydney, New South Wales)

    The adult butterflies are brownish black, with white spots on the edge of the wings, which join together to form a white band near the tip of the forewing. The adult butterflies have a wing span around 6 cms.

    Euploea tulliolus
    (Photo: copyright Dave Britton, Australian Museum)

    The eggs are white and barrel-shaped. They are laid on young shoots.

    This species is found as various subspecies across Asia and the south Pacific, including

  • Fiji,
  • Indonesia,
  • Japan,
  • New Guinea,
  • Philippines,
  • Thailand,

    and as the subspecies tulliolus along the coast of Australia in

  • Queensland.


    Further reading :

    Michael F. Braby,
    Butterflies of Australia,
    CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne 2000, vol. 2, pp. 603-604.

    Johan Christian Fabricius,
    Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta,
    Volume 3, Part 1 (1793), p. 41, No. 123.

    Peter Hendry,
    An introoduction to Crows of the World, the Euploeas (Lepidoptera: Danainae),
    Metamorphosis Australia,
    Issue 56 (March 2010), pp. 13-25,
    Butterflies and Other Invertebrates Club.

    Elly Scheermeyer,
    Overwintering of Three Australian Danaines: Tirumala hamata, Euploea tulliolus tulliolus and Euploea core corinna,
    in S. B. Malcolm and M.P. Zalucki (Eds),
    Biology and Conservation of the Monarch Butterfly,
    Natural History Museum of Los angeles County, Los Angeles 1993, pp. 345-354.


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    (updated 20 August 2011, 21 December 2013, 11 March 2015)